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H5Distore.c

/* * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * *
 * Copyright by the Board of Trustees of the University of Illinois.         *
 * All rights reserved.                                                      *
 *                                                                           *
 * This file is part of HDF5.  The full HDF5 copyright notice, including     *
 * terms governing use, modification, and redistribution, is contained in    *
 * the files COPYING and Copyright.html.  COPYING can be found at the root   *
 * of the source code distribution tree; Copyright.html can be found at the  *
 * root level of an installed copy of the electronic HDF5 document set and   *
 * is linked from the top-level documents page.  It can also be found at     *
 * http://hdf.ncsa.uiuc.edu/HDF5/doc/Copyright.html.  If you do not have     *
 * access to either file, you may request a copy from hdfhelp@ncsa.uiuc.edu. *
 * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * */

/* Programmer:   Robb Matzke <matzke@llnl.gov>
 *           Wednesday, October  8, 1997
 *
 * Purpose:  Indexed (chunked) I/O functions.  The logical
 *    multi-dimensional data space is regularly partitioned into
 *    same-sized "chunks", the first of which is aligned with the
 *    logical origin.  The chunks are given a multi-dimensional
 *    index which is used as a lookup key in a B-tree that maps
 *    chunk index to disk address.  Each chunk can be compressed
 *    independently and the chunks may move around in the file as
 *    their storage requirements change.
 *
 * Cache:  Disk I/O is performed in units of chunks and H5MF_alloc()
 *    contains code to optionally align chunks on disk block
 *    boundaries for performance.
 *
 *    The chunk cache is an extendible hash indexed by a function
 *    of storage B-tree address and chunk N-dimensional offset
 *    within the dataset.  Collisions are not resolved -- one of
 *    the two chunks competing for the hash slot must be preempted
 *    from the cache.  All entries in the hash also participate in
 *    a doubly-linked list and entries are penalized by moving them
 *    toward the front of the list.  When a new chunk is about to
 *    be added to the cache the heap is pruned by preempting
 *    entries near the front of the list to make room for the new
 *    entry which is added to the end of the list.
 */

#define H5B_PACKAGE    /*suppress error about including H5Bpkg    */
#define H5D_PACKAGE    /*suppress error about including H5Dpkg    */


#include "H5private.h"    /* Generic Functions      */
#include "H5Bpkg.h"    /* B-link trees        */
#include "H5Dpkg.h"    /* Datasets        */
#include "H5Eprivate.h"    /* Error handling        */
#include "H5Fprivate.h"    /* Files        */
#include "H5FDprivate.h"  /* File drivers        */
#include "H5FLprivate.h"  /* Free Lists                           */
#include "H5Iprivate.h"    /* IDs            */
#include "H5MFprivate.h"  /* File space management    */
#include "H5MMprivate.h"  /* Memory management      */
#include "H5Oprivate.h"    /* Object headers        */
#include "H5Pprivate.h"         /* Property lists                       */
#include "H5Sprivate.h"         /* Dataspaces                           */
#include "H5Vprivate.h"    /* Vector and array functions    */

/*
 * Feature: If this constant is defined then every cache preemption and load
 *      causes a character to be printed on the standard error stream:
 *
 *     `.': Entry was preempted because it has been completely read or
 *      completely written but not partially read and not partially
 *      written. This is often a good reason for preemption because such
 *      a chunk will be unlikely to be referenced in the near future.
 *
 *     `:': Entry was preempted because it hasn't been used recently.
 *
 *     `#': Entry was preempted because another chunk collided with it. This
 *      is usually a relatively bad thing.  If there are too many of
 *      these then the number of entries in the cache can be increased.
 *
 *       c: Entry was preempted because the file is closing.
 *
 *   w: A chunk read operation was eliminated because the library is
 *      about to write new values to the entire chunk.  This is a good
 *      thing, especially on files where the chunk size is the same as
 *      the disk block size, chunks are aligned on disk block boundaries,
 *      and the operating system can also eliminate a read operation.
 */

/*#define H5D_ISTORE_DEBUG */

/*
 * Given a B-tree node return the dimensionality of the chunks pointed to by
 * that node.
 */
#define H5D_ISTORE_NDIMS(X)  (((X)->sizeof_rkey-8)/8)

/* Raw data chunks are cached.  Each entry in the cache is: */
typedef struct H5D_rdcc_ent_t {
    hbool_t  locked;    /*entry is locked in cache    */
    hbool_t  dirty;    /*needs to be written to disk?    */
    hsize_t  offset[H5O_LAYOUT_NDIMS]; /*chunk name      */
    size_t  rd_count;  /*bytes remaining to be read    */
    size_t  wr_count;  /*bytes remaining to be written    */
    size_t  chunk_size;  /*size of a chunk      */
    size_t  alloc_size;  /*amount allocated for the chunk  */
    uint8_t  *chunk;    /*the unfiltered chunk data    */
    unsigned  idx;    /*index in hash table      */
    struct H5D_rdcc_ent_t *next;/*next item in doubly-linked list  */
    struct H5D_rdcc_ent_t *prev;/*previous item in doubly-linked list  */
} H5D_rdcc_ent_t;
typedef H5D_rdcc_ent_t *H5D_rdcc_ent_ptr_t; /* For free lists */

/*
 * B-tree key.  A key contains the minimum logical N-dimensional address and
 * the logical size of the chunk to which this key refers.  The
 * fastest-varying dimension is assumed to reference individual bytes of the
 * array, so a 100-element 1-d array of 4-byte integers would really be a 2-d
 * array with the slow varying dimension of size 100 and the fast varying
 * dimension of size 4 (the storage dimensionality has very little to do with
 * the real dimensionality).
 *
 * Only the first few values of the OFFSET and SIZE fields are actually
 * stored on disk, depending on the dimensionality.
 *
 * The chunk's file address is part of the B-tree and not part of the key.
 */
typedef struct H5D_istore_key_t {
    size_t  nbytes;        /*size of stored data  */
    hsize_t  offset[H5O_LAYOUT_NDIMS];  /*logical offset to start*/
    unsigned  filter_mask;      /*excluded filters  */
} H5D_istore_key_t;

typedef struct H5D_istore_ud1_t {
    H5D_istore_key_t  key;                  /*key values    */
    haddr_t    addr;      /*file address of chunk */
    const H5O_layout_t  *mesg;            /*layout message  */
    hsize_t    total_storage;          /*output from iterator  */
    FILE    *stream;    /*debug output stream  */
    hsize_t    *dims;            /*dataset dimensions  */
} H5D_istore_ud1_t;

#define H5D_HASH(D,ADDR) H5F_addr_hash(ADDR,(D)->cache.chunk.nslots)

/* Private prototypes */
static void *H5D_istore_chunk_alloc(size_t size, const H5O_pline_t *pline);
static void *H5D_istore_chunk_xfree(void *chk, const H5O_pline_t *pline);
static herr_t H5D_istore_shared_create (const H5F_t *f, H5O_layout_t *layout);
static herr_t H5D_istore_shared_free (void *page);

/* B-tree iterator callbacks */
static int H5D_istore_iter_allocated(H5F_t *f, hid_t dxpl_id, const void *left_key, haddr_t addr,
         const void *right_key, void *_udata);
static int H5D_istore_iter_dump(H5F_t *f, hid_t dxpl_id, const void *left_key, haddr_t addr,
         const void *right_key, void *_udata);
static int H5D_istore_prune_extent(H5F_t *f, hid_t dxpl_id, const void *_lt_key, haddr_t addr,
        const void *_rt_key, void *_udata);

/* B-tree callbacks */
static size_t H5D_istore_sizeof_rkey(const H5F_t *f, const void *_udata);
static H5RC_t *H5D_istore_get_shared(const H5F_t *f, const void *_udata);
static herr_t H5D_istore_new_node(H5F_t *f, hid_t dxpl_id, H5B_ins_t, void *_lt_key,
          void *_udata, void *_rt_key,
          haddr_t *addr_p /*out*/);
static int H5D_istore_cmp2(H5F_t *f, hid_t dxpl_id, void *_lt_key, void *_udata,
          void *_rt_key);
static int H5D_istore_cmp3(H5F_t *f, hid_t dxpl_id, void *_lt_key, void *_udata,
          void *_rt_key);
static herr_t H5D_istore_found(H5F_t *f, hid_t dxpl_id, haddr_t addr, const void *_lt_key,
             void *_udata);
static H5B_ins_t H5D_istore_insert(H5F_t *f, hid_t dxpl_id, haddr_t addr, void *_lt_key,
           hbool_t *lt_key_changed, void *_md_key,
           void *_udata, void *_rt_key,
           hbool_t *rt_key_changed,
           haddr_t *new_node/*out*/);
static H5B_ins_t H5D_istore_remove( H5F_t *f, hid_t dxpl_id, haddr_t addr, void *_lt_key,
                  hbool_t *lt_key_changed, void *_udata, void *_rt_key,
                  hbool_t *rt_key_changed);
static herr_t H5D_istore_decode_key(const H5F_t *f, const H5B_t *bt, const uint8_t *raw,
            void *_key);
static herr_t H5D_istore_encode_key(const H5F_t *f, const H5B_t *bt, uint8_t *raw,
            void *_key);
static herr_t H5D_istore_debug_key(FILE *stream, H5F_t *f, hid_t dxpl_id,
                                int indent, int fwidth, const void *key,
                                    const void *udata);

/* inherits B-tree like properties from H5B */
H5B_class_t H5B_ISTORE[1] = {{
    H5B_ISTORE_ID,    /*id      */
    sizeof(H5D_istore_key_t),  /*sizeof_nkey    */
    H5D_istore_sizeof_rkey,   /*get_sizeof_rkey  */
    H5D_istore_get_shared,  /*get_shared    */
    H5D_istore_new_node,  /*new      */
    H5D_istore_cmp2,    /*cmp2      */
    H5D_istore_cmp3,    /*cmp3      */
    H5D_istore_found,    /*found      */
    H5D_istore_insert,    /*insert    */
    FALSE,      /*follow min branch?  */
    FALSE,      /*follow max branch?  */
    H5D_istore_remove,          /*remove    */
    H5D_istore_decode_key,  /*decode    */
    H5D_istore_encode_key,  /*encode    */
    H5D_istore_debug_key,  /*debug      */
}};

/* Declare a free list to manage the H5B_shared_t struct */
H5FL_EXTERN(H5B_shared_t);

/* Declare a free list to manage H5F_rdcc_ent_t objects */
H5FL_DEFINE_STATIC(H5D_rdcc_ent_t);

/* Declare a free list to manage the H5F_rdcc_ent_ptr_t sequence information */
H5FL_SEQ_DEFINE_STATIC(H5D_rdcc_ent_ptr_t);

/* Declare a free list to manage the chunk sequence information */
H5FL_BLK_DEFINE_STATIC(chunk);

/* Declare a free list to manage the native key offset sequence information */
H5FL_SEQ_DEFINE_STATIC(size_t);

/* Declare a free list to manage the raw page information */
H5FL_BLK_DEFINE_STATIC(chunk_page);


/*-------------------------------------------------------------------------
 * Function:  H5D_istore_sizeof_rkey
 *
 * Purpose:  Returns the size of a raw key for the specified UDATA.  The
 *    size of the key is dependent on the number of dimensions for
 *    the object to which this B-tree points.   The dimensionality
 *    of the UDATA is the only portion that's referenced here.
 *
 * Return:  Success:  Size of raw key in bytes.
 *
 *    Failure:  abort()
 *
 * Programmer:  Robb Matzke
 *    Wednesday, October  8, 1997
 *
 * Modifications:
 *
 *-------------------------------------------------------------------------
 */
/* ARGSUSED */
static size_t
H5D_istore_sizeof_rkey(const H5F_t UNUSED *f, const void *_udata)
{
    const H5D_istore_ud1_t *udata = (const H5D_istore_ud1_t *) _udata;
    size_t        nbytes;

    FUNC_ENTER_NOAPI_NOINIT_NOFUNC(H5D_istore_sizeof_rkey)

    assert(udata);
    assert(udata->mesg->u.chunk.ndims > 0 && udata->mesg->u.chunk.ndims <= H5O_LAYOUT_NDIMS);

    nbytes = 4 +      /*storage size    */
       4 +      /*filter mask    */
       udata->mesg->u.chunk.ndims*8;  /*dimension indices  */

    FUNC_LEAVE_NOAPI(nbytes)
} /* end H5D_istore_sizeof_rkey() */


/*-------------------------------------------------------------------------
 * Function:  H5D_istore_get_shared
 *
 * Purpose:  Returns the shared B-tree info for the specified UDATA.
 *
 * Return:  Success:  Pointer to the raw B-tree page for this dataset
 *
 *    Failure:  Can't fail
 *
 * Programmer:  Quincey Koziol
 *    Monday, July  5, 2004
 *
 * Modifications:
 *
 *-------------------------------------------------------------------------
 */
/* ARGSUSED */
static H5RC_t *
H5D_istore_get_shared(const H5F_t UNUSED *f, const void *_udata)
{
    const H5D_istore_ud1_t *udata = (const H5D_istore_ud1_t *) _udata;

    FUNC_ENTER_NOAPI_NOINIT_NOFUNC(H5D_istore_get_shared)

    assert(udata);
    assert(udata->mesg);
    assert(udata->mesg->u.chunk.btree_shared);

    /* Increment reference count on B-tree info */
    H5RC_INC(udata->mesg->u.chunk.btree_shared);

    /* Return the pointer to the ref-count object */
    FUNC_LEAVE_NOAPI(udata->mesg->u.chunk.btree_shared)
} /* end H5D_istore_get_shared() */


/*-------------------------------------------------------------------------
 * Function:  H5D_istore_decode_key
 *
 * Purpose:  Decodes a raw key into a native key for the B-tree
 *
 * Return:  Non-negative on success/Negative on failure
 *
 * Programmer:  Robb Matzke
 *    Friday, October 10, 1997
 *
 * Modifications:
 *
 *-------------------------------------------------------------------------
 */
static herr_t
H5D_istore_decode_key(const H5F_t UNUSED *f, const H5B_t *bt, const uint8_t *raw, void *_key)
{
    H5D_istore_key_t  *key = (H5D_istore_key_t *) _key;
    H5B_shared_t        *shared;        /* Pointer to shared B-tree info */
    size_t    ndims;
    unsigned    u;

    FUNC_ENTER_NOAPI_NOINIT_NOFUNC(H5D_istore_decode_key)

    /* check args */
    assert(f);
    assert(bt);
    shared=H5RC_GET_OBJ(bt->rc_shared);
    HDassert(shared);
    assert(raw);
    assert(key);
    ndims = H5D_ISTORE_NDIMS(shared);
    assert(ndims<=H5O_LAYOUT_NDIMS);

    /* decode */
    UINT32DECODE(raw, key->nbytes);
    UINT32DECODE(raw, key->filter_mask);
    for (u=0; u<ndims; u++)
  UINT64DECODE(raw, key->offset[u]);

    FUNC_LEAVE_NOAPI(SUCCEED)
} /* end H5D_istore_decode_key() */


/*-------------------------------------------------------------------------
 * Function:  H5D_istore_encode_key
 *
 * Purpose:  Encode a key from native format to raw format.
 *
 * Return:  Non-negative on success/Negative on failure
 *
 * Programmer:  Robb Matzke
 *    Friday, October 10, 1997
 *
 * Modifications:
 *
 *-------------------------------------------------------------------------
 */
static herr_t
H5D_istore_encode_key(const H5F_t UNUSED *f, const H5B_t *bt, uint8_t *raw, void *_key)
{
    H5D_istore_key_t  *key = (H5D_istore_key_t *) _key;
    H5B_shared_t        *shared;        /* Pointer to shared B-tree info */
    size_t    ndims;
    unsigned    u;

    FUNC_ENTER_NOAPI_NOINIT_NOFUNC(H5D_istore_encode_key)

    /* check args */
    assert(f);
    assert(bt);
    shared=H5RC_GET_OBJ(bt->rc_shared);
    HDassert(shared);
    assert(raw);
    assert(key);
    ndims = H5D_ISTORE_NDIMS(shared);
    assert(ndims<=H5O_LAYOUT_NDIMS);

    /* encode */
    UINT32ENCODE(raw, key->nbytes);
    UINT32ENCODE(raw, key->filter_mask);
    for (u=0; u<ndims; u++)
  UINT64ENCODE(raw, key->offset[u]);

    FUNC_LEAVE_NOAPI(SUCCEED)
} /* end H5D_istore_encode_key() */


/*-------------------------------------------------------------------------
 * Function:  H5D_istore_debug_key
 *
 * Purpose:  Prints a key.
 *
 * Return:  Non-negative on success/Negative on failure
 *
 * Programmer:  Robb Matzke
 *              Thursday, April 16, 1998
 *
 * Modifications:
 *
 *-------------------------------------------------------------------------
 */
/* ARGSUSED */
static herr_t
H5D_istore_debug_key (FILE *stream, H5F_t UNUSED *f, hid_t UNUSED dxpl_id, int indent, int fwidth,
          const void *_key, const void *_udata)
{
    const H5D_istore_key_t  *key = (const H5D_istore_key_t *)_key;
    const H5D_istore_ud1_t  *udata = (const H5D_istore_ud1_t *)_udata;
    unsigned    u;

    FUNC_ENTER_NOAPI_NOINIT_NOFUNC(H5D_istore_debug_key)

    assert (key);

    HDfprintf(stream, "%*s%-*s %Zd bytes\n", indent, "", fwidth,
        "Chunk size:", key->nbytes);
    HDfprintf(stream, "%*s%-*s 0x%08x\n", indent, "", fwidth,
        "Filter mask:", key->filter_mask);
    HDfprintf(stream, "%*s%-*s {", indent, "", fwidth,
        "Logical offset:");
    for (u=0; u<udata->mesg->u.chunk.ndims; u++)
        HDfprintf (stream, "%s%Hd", u?", ":"", key->offset[u]);
    HDfputs ("}\n", stream);

    FUNC_LEAVE_NOAPI(SUCCEED)
} /* end H5D_istore_debug_key() */


/*-------------------------------------------------------------------------
 * Function:  H5D_istore_cmp2
 *
 * Purpose:  Compares two keys sort of like strcmp().  The UDATA pointer
 *    is only to supply extra information not carried in the keys
 *    (in this case, the dimensionality) and is not compared
 *    against the keys.
 *
 * Return:  Success:  -1 if LT_KEY is less than RT_KEY;
 *        1 if LT_KEY is greater than RT_KEY;
 *        0 if LT_KEY and RT_KEY are equal.
 *
 *    Failure:  FAIL (same as LT_KEY<RT_KEY)
 *
 * Programmer:  Robb Matzke
 *    Thursday, November  6, 1997
 *
 * Modifications:
 *
 *-------------------------------------------------------------------------
 */
/* ARGSUSED */
static int
H5D_istore_cmp2(H5F_t UNUSED *f, hid_t UNUSED dxpl_id, void *_lt_key, void *_udata,
    void *_rt_key)
{
    H5D_istore_key_t  *lt_key = (H5D_istore_key_t *) _lt_key;
    H5D_istore_key_t  *rt_key = (H5D_istore_key_t *) _rt_key;
    H5D_istore_ud1_t  *udata = (H5D_istore_ud1_t *) _udata;
    int    ret_value;

    FUNC_ENTER_NOAPI_NOINIT_NOFUNC(H5D_istore_cmp2)

    assert(lt_key);
    assert(rt_key);
    assert(udata);
    assert(udata->mesg->u.chunk.ndims > 0 && udata->mesg->u.chunk.ndims <= H5O_LAYOUT_NDIMS);

    /* Compare the offsets but ignore the other fields */
    ret_value = H5V_vector_cmp_u(udata->mesg->u.chunk.ndims, lt_key->offset, rt_key->offset);

    FUNC_LEAVE_NOAPI(ret_value)
} /* end H5D_istore_cmp2() */


/*-------------------------------------------------------------------------
 * Function:  H5D_istore_cmp3
 *
 * Purpose:  Compare the requested datum UDATA with the left and right
 *    keys of the B-tree.
 *
 * Return:  Success:  negative if the min_corner of UDATA is less
 *        than the min_corner of LT_KEY.
 *
 *        positive if the min_corner of UDATA is
 *        greater than or equal the min_corner of
 *        RT_KEY.
 *
 *        zero otherwise.   The min_corner of UDATA is
 *        not necessarily contained within the address
 *        space represented by LT_KEY, but a key that
 *        would describe the UDATA min_corner address
 *        would fall lexicographically between LT_KEY
 *        and RT_KEY.
 *
 *    Failure:  FAIL (same as UDATA < LT_KEY)
 *
 * Programmer:  Robb Matzke
 *    Wednesday, October  8, 1997
 *
 * Modifications:
 *
 *-------------------------------------------------------------------------
 */
/* ARGSUSED */
static int
H5D_istore_cmp3(H5F_t UNUSED *f, hid_t UNUSED dxpl_id, void *_lt_key, void *_udata,
    void *_rt_key)
{
    H5D_istore_key_t  *lt_key = (H5D_istore_key_t *) _lt_key;
    H5D_istore_key_t  *rt_key = (H5D_istore_key_t *) _rt_key;
    H5D_istore_ud1_t  *udata = (H5D_istore_ud1_t *) _udata;
    int    ret_value = 0;

    FUNC_ENTER_NOAPI_NOINIT_NOFUNC(H5D_istore_cmp3)

    assert(lt_key);
    assert(rt_key);
    assert(udata);
    assert(udata->mesg->u.chunk.ndims > 0 && udata->mesg->u.chunk.ndims <= H5O_LAYOUT_NDIMS);

    /* Special case for faster checks on 1-D chunks */
    /* (Checking for ndims==2 because last dimension is the datatype size) */
    /* The additional checking for the right key is necessary due to the */
    /* slightly odd way the library initializes the right-most node in the */
    /* indexed storage B-tree... */
    /* (Dump the B-tree with h5debug to look at it) -QAK */
    if(udata->mesg->u.chunk.ndims==2) {
        if(udata->key.offset[0]>rt_key->offset[0])
            ret_value=1;
        else if(udata->key.offset[0]==rt_key->offset[0] &&
                udata->key.offset[1]>=rt_key->offset[1])
            ret_value=1;
        else if(udata->key.offset[0]<lt_key->offset[0])
            ret_value=(-1);
    } /* end if */
    else {
        if (H5V_vector_ge_u(udata->mesg->u.chunk.ndims, udata->key.offset,
                                 rt_key->offset))
            ret_value = 1;
        else if (H5V_vector_lt_u(udata->mesg->u.chunk.ndims, udata->key.offset,
                            lt_key->offset))
            ret_value = -1;
    } /* end else */

    FUNC_LEAVE_NOAPI(ret_value)
} /* end H5D_istore_cmp3() */


/*-------------------------------------------------------------------------
 * Function:  H5D_istore_new_node
 *
 * Purpose:  Adds a new entry to an i-storage B-tree.  We can assume that
 *    the domain represented by UDATA doesn't intersect the domain
 *    already represented by the B-tree.
 *
 * Return:  Success:  Non-negative. The address of leaf is returned
 *        through the ADDR argument.  It is also added
 *        to the UDATA.
 *
 *     Failure:  Negative
 *
 * Programmer:  Robb Matzke
 *    Tuesday, October 14, 1997
 *
 * Modifications:
 *
 *-------------------------------------------------------------------------
 */
static herr_t
H5D_istore_new_node(H5F_t *f, hid_t dxpl_id, H5B_ins_t op,
        void *_lt_key, void *_udata, void *_rt_key,
        haddr_t *addr_p/*out*/)
{
    H5D_istore_key_t  *lt_key = (H5D_istore_key_t *) _lt_key;
    H5D_istore_key_t  *rt_key = (H5D_istore_key_t *) _rt_key;
    H5D_istore_ud1_t  *udata = (H5D_istore_ud1_t *) _udata;
    unsigned    u;
    herr_t      ret_value=SUCCEED;       /* Return value */

    FUNC_ENTER_NOAPI_NOINIT(H5D_istore_new_node)

    /* check args */
    assert(f);
    assert(lt_key);
    assert(rt_key);
    assert(udata);
    assert(udata->mesg->u.chunk.ndims > 0 && udata->mesg->u.chunk.ndims < H5O_LAYOUT_NDIMS);
    assert(addr_p);

    /* Allocate new storage */
    assert (udata->key.nbytes > 0);
    H5_CHECK_OVERFLOW( udata->key.nbytes ,size_t, hsize_t);
    if (HADDR_UNDEF==(*addr_p=H5MF_alloc(f, H5FD_MEM_DRAW, dxpl_id, (hsize_t)udata->key.nbytes)))
        HGOTO_ERROR(H5E_IO, H5E_CANTINIT, FAIL, "couldn't allocate new file storage")
    udata->addr = *addr_p;

    /*
     * The left key describes the storage of the UDATA chunk being
     * inserted into the tree.
     */
    lt_key->nbytes = udata->key.nbytes;
    lt_key->filter_mask = udata->key.filter_mask;
    for (u=0; u<udata->mesg->u.chunk.ndims; u++)
        lt_key->offset[u] = udata->key.offset[u];

    /*
     * The right key might already be present.  If not, then add a zero-width
     * chunk.
     */
    if (H5B_INS_LEFT != op) {
        rt_key->nbytes = 0;
        rt_key->filter_mask = 0;
        for (u=0; u<udata->mesg->u.chunk.ndims; u++) {
            assert (udata->key.offset[u]+udata->mesg->u.chunk.dim[u] >
                udata->key.offset[u]);
            rt_key->offset[u] = udata->key.offset[u] + udata->mesg->u.chunk.dim[u];
        }
    }

done:
    FUNC_LEAVE_NOAPI(ret_value)
} /* end H5D_istore_new_node() */


/*-------------------------------------------------------------------------
 * Function:  H5D_istore_found
 *
 * Purpose:  This function is called when the B-tree search engine has
 *    found the leaf entry that points to a chunk of storage that
 *    contains the beginning of the logical address space
 *    represented by UDATA.  The LT_KEY is the left key (the one
 *    that describes the chunk) and RT_KEY is the right key (the
 *    one that describes the next or last chunk).
 *
 * Note:  It's possible that the chunk isn't really found.  For
 *    instance, in a sparse dataset the requested chunk might fall
 *    between two stored chunks in which case this function is
 *    called with the maximum stored chunk indices less than the
 *    requested chunk indices.
 *
 * Return:  Non-negative on success with information about the chunk
 *    returned through the UDATA argument. Negative on failure.
 *
 * Programmer:  Robb Matzke
 *    Thursday, October  9, 1997
 *
 * Modifications:
 *    Robb Matzke, 1999-07-28
 *    The ADDR argument is passed by value.
 *-------------------------------------------------------------------------
 */
/* ARGSUSED */
static herr_t
H5D_istore_found(H5F_t UNUSED *f, hid_t UNUSED dxpl_id, haddr_t addr, const void *_lt_key,
     void *_udata)
{
    H5D_istore_ud1_t     *udata = (H5D_istore_ud1_t *) _udata;
    const H5D_istore_key_t *lt_key = (const H5D_istore_key_t *) _lt_key;
    unsigned    u;
    herr_t      ret_value=SUCCEED;       /* Return value */

    FUNC_ENTER_NOAPI_NOINIT_NOFUNC(H5D_istore_found)

    /* Check arguments */
    assert(f);
    assert(H5F_addr_defined(addr));
    assert(udata);
    assert(lt_key);

    /* Is this *really* the requested chunk? */
    for (u=0; u<udata->mesg->u.chunk.ndims; u++)
        if (udata->key.offset[u] >= lt_key->offset[u]+udata->mesg->u.chunk.dim[u])
            HGOTO_DONE(FAIL)

    /* Initialize return values */
    udata->addr = addr;
    udata->key.nbytes = lt_key->nbytes;
    udata->key.filter_mask = lt_key->filter_mask;
    assert (lt_key->nbytes>0);
    for (u = 0; u < udata->mesg->u.chunk.ndims; u++)
        udata->key.offset[u] = lt_key->offset[u];

done:
    FUNC_LEAVE_NOAPI(ret_value)
} /* end H5D_istore_found() */


/*-------------------------------------------------------------------------
 * Function:  H5D_istore_insert
 *
 * Purpose:  This function is called when the B-tree insert engine finds
 *    the node to use to insert new data.  The UDATA argument
 *    points to a struct that describes the logical addresses being
 *    added to the file.  This function allocates space for the
 *    data and returns information through UDATA describing a
 *    file chunk to receive (part of) the data.
 *
 *    The LT_KEY is always the key describing the chunk of file
 *    memory at address ADDR. On entry, UDATA describes the logical
 *    addresses for which storage is being requested (through the
 *    `offset' and `size' fields). On return, UDATA describes the
 *    logical addresses contained in a chunk on disk.
 *
 * Return:  Success:  An insertion command for the caller, one of
 *        the H5B_INS_* constants.  The address of the
 *        new chunk is returned through the NEW_NODE
 *        argument.
 *
 *    Failure:  H5B_INS_ERROR
 *
 * Programmer:  Robb Matzke
 *    Thursday, October  9, 1997
 *
 * Modifications:
 *    Robb Matzke, 1999-07-28
 *    The ADDR argument is passed by value. The NEW_NODE argument
 *    is renamed NEW_NODE_P.
 *-------------------------------------------------------------------------
 */
/* ARGSUSED */
static H5B_ins_t
H5D_istore_insert(H5F_t *f, hid_t dxpl_id, haddr_t addr, void *_lt_key,
      hbool_t *lt_key_changed,
      void *_md_key, void *_udata, void *_rt_key,
      hbool_t UNUSED *rt_key_changed,
      haddr_t *new_node_p/*out*/)
{
    H5D_istore_key_t  *lt_key = (H5D_istore_key_t *) _lt_key;
    H5D_istore_key_t  *md_key = (H5D_istore_key_t *) _md_key;
    H5D_istore_key_t  *rt_key = (H5D_istore_key_t *) _rt_key;
    H5D_istore_ud1_t  *udata = (H5D_istore_ud1_t *) _udata;
    int    cmp;
    unsigned    u;
    H5B_ins_t    ret_value;

    FUNC_ENTER_NOAPI_NOINIT(H5D_istore_insert)

    /* check args */
    assert(f);
    assert(H5F_addr_defined(addr));
    assert(lt_key);
    assert(lt_key_changed);
    assert(md_key);
    assert(udata);
    assert(rt_key);
    assert(new_node_p);

    cmp = H5D_istore_cmp3(f, dxpl_id, lt_key, udata, rt_key);
    assert(cmp <= 0);

    if (cmp < 0) {
        /* Negative indices not supported yet */
        HGOTO_ERROR(H5E_STORAGE, H5E_UNSUPPORTED, H5B_INS_ERROR, "internal error")

    } else if (H5V_vector_eq_u (udata->mesg->u.chunk.ndims,
        udata->key.offset, lt_key->offset) &&
         lt_key->nbytes>0) {
        /*
         * Already exists.  If the new size is not the same as the old size
         * then we should reallocate storage.
         */
        if (lt_key->nbytes != udata->key.nbytes) {
/* Currently, the old chunk data is "thrown away" after the space is reallocated,
 * so avoid data copy in H5MF_realloc() call by just free'ing the space and
 * allocating new space.
 *
 * This should keep the file smaller also, by freeing the space and then
 * allocating new space, instead of vice versa (in H5MF_realloc).
 *
 * QAK - 11/19/2002
 */
#ifdef OLD_WAY
            if (HADDR_UNDEF==(*new_node_p=H5MF_realloc(f, H5FD_MEM_DRAW, addr,
                      (hsize_t)lt_key->nbytes, (hsize_t)udata->key.nbytes)))
                HGOTO_ERROR (H5E_STORAGE, H5E_NOSPACE, H5B_INS_ERROR, "unable to reallocate chunk storage")
#else /* OLD_WAY */
            H5_CHECK_OVERFLOW( lt_key->nbytes ,size_t, hsize_t);
            if (H5MF_xfree(f, H5FD_MEM_DRAW, dxpl_id, addr, (hsize_t)lt_key->nbytes)<0)
                HGOTO_ERROR(H5E_STORAGE, H5E_CANTFREE, H5B_INS_ERROR, "unable to free chunk")
            H5_CHECK_OVERFLOW( udata->key.nbytes ,size_t, hsize_t);
            if (HADDR_UNDEF==(*new_node_p=H5MF_alloc(f, H5FD_MEM_DRAW, dxpl_id, (hsize_t)udata->key.nbytes)))
                HGOTO_ERROR(H5E_STORAGE, H5E_NOSPACE, H5B_INS_ERROR, "unable to reallocate chunk")
#endif /* OLD_WAY */
            lt_key->nbytes = udata->key.nbytes;
            lt_key->filter_mask = udata->key.filter_mask;
            *lt_key_changed = TRUE;
            udata->addr = *new_node_p;
            ret_value = H5B_INS_CHANGE;
        } else {
            udata->addr = addr;
            ret_value = H5B_INS_NOOP;
        }

    } else if (H5V_hyper_disjointp(udata->mesg->u.chunk.ndims,
           lt_key->offset, udata->mesg->u.chunk.dim,
           udata->key.offset, udata->mesg->u.chunk.dim)) {
        assert(H5V_hyper_disjointp(udata->mesg->u.chunk.ndims,
           rt_key->offset, udata->mesg->u.chunk.dim,
           udata->key.offset, udata->mesg->u.chunk.dim));
        /*
         * Split this node, inserting the new new node to the right of the
         * current node.  The MD_KEY is where the split occurs.
         */
        md_key->nbytes = udata->key.nbytes;
        md_key->filter_mask = udata->key.filter_mask;
        for (u=0; u<udata->mesg->u.chunk.ndims; u++) {
            assert(0 == udata->key.offset[u] % udata->mesg->u.chunk.dim[u]);
            md_key->offset[u] = udata->key.offset[u];
        }

        /*
         * Allocate storage for the new chunk
         */
        H5_CHECK_OVERFLOW( udata->key.nbytes ,size_t, hsize_t);
        if (HADDR_UNDEF==(*new_node_p=H5MF_alloc(f, H5FD_MEM_DRAW, dxpl_id, (hsize_t)udata->key.nbytes)))
            HGOTO_ERROR(H5E_STORAGE, H5E_NOSPACE, H5B_INS_ERROR, "file allocation failed")
        udata->addr = *new_node_p;
        ret_value = H5B_INS_RIGHT;

    } else {
        HGOTO_ERROR(H5E_IO, H5E_UNSUPPORTED, H5B_INS_ERROR, "internal error")
    }

done:
    FUNC_LEAVE_NOAPI(ret_value)
} /* end H5D_istore_insert() */


/*-------------------------------------------------------------------------
 * Function:  H5D_istore_iter_allocated
 *
 * Purpose:  Simply counts the number of chunks for a dataset.
 *
 * Return:  Success:  Non-negative
 *
 *    Failure:  Negative
 *
 * Programmer:  Robb Matzke
 *              Wednesday, April 21, 1999
 *
 * Modifications:
 *    Robb Matzke, 1999-07-28
 *    The ADDR argument is passed by value.
 *
 *    Quincey Koziol, 2002-04-22
 *    Changed to callback from H5B_iterate
 *-------------------------------------------------------------------------
 */
/* ARGSUSED */
static int
H5D_istore_iter_allocated (H5F_t UNUSED *f, hid_t UNUSED dxpl_id, const void *_lt_key, haddr_t UNUSED addr,
        const void UNUSED *_rt_key, void *_udata)
{
    H5D_istore_ud1_t  *bt_udata = (H5D_istore_ud1_t *)_udata;
    const H5D_istore_key_t  *lt_key = (const H5D_istore_key_t *)_lt_key;

    FUNC_ENTER_NOAPI_NOINIT_NOFUNC(H5D_istore_iter_allocated)

    bt_udata->total_storage += lt_key->nbytes;

    FUNC_LEAVE_NOAPI(H5B_ITER_CONT)
} /* H5D_istore_iter_allocated() */


/*-------------------------------------------------------------------------
 * Function:  H5D_istore_iter_dump
 *
 * Purpose:  If the UDATA.STREAM member is non-null then debugging
 *              information is written to that stream.
 *
 * Return:  Success:  Non-negative
 *
 *    Failure:  Negative
 *
 * Programmer:  Robb Matzke
 *              Wednesday, April 21, 1999
 *
 * Modifications:
 *    Robb Matzke, 1999-07-28
 *    The ADDR argument is passed by value.
 *
 *    Quincey Koziol, 2002-04-22
 *    Changed to callback from H5B_iterate
 *-------------------------------------------------------------------------
 */
/* ARGSUSED */
static int
H5D_istore_iter_dump (H5F_t UNUSED *f, hid_t UNUSED dxpl_id, const void *_lt_key, haddr_t UNUSED addr,
        const void UNUSED *_rt_key, void *_udata)
{
    H5D_istore_ud1_t  *bt_udata = (H5D_istore_ud1_t *)_udata;
    const H5D_istore_key_t  *lt_key = (const H5D_istore_key_t *)_lt_key;
    unsigned    u;

    FUNC_ENTER_NOAPI_NOINIT_NOFUNC(H5D_istore_iter_dump)

    if (bt_udata->stream) {
        if (0==bt_udata->total_storage) {
            fprintf(bt_udata->stream,
                "             Flags    Bytes    Address Logical Offset\n");
            fprintf(bt_udata->stream,
                "        ========== ======== ========== "
                "==============================\n");
        }
        HDfprintf(bt_udata->stream, "        0x%08x %8Zu %10a [",
              lt_key->filter_mask, lt_key->nbytes, addr);
        for (u=0; u<bt_udata->mesg->u.chunk.ndims; u++)
            HDfprintf(bt_udata->stream, "%s%Hd", u?", ":"", lt_key->offset[u]);
        HDfputs("]\n", bt_udata->stream);

        /* Use "total storage" information as flag for printing headers */
        bt_udata->total_storage++;
    }

    FUNC_LEAVE_NOAPI(H5B_ITER_CONT)
} /* H5D_istore_iter_dump() */


/*-------------------------------------------------------------------------
 * Function:  H5D_istore_init
 *
 * Purpose:  Initialize the raw data chunk cache for a dataset.  This is
 *    called when the dataset is initialized.
 *
 * Return:  Non-negative on success/Negative on failure
 *
 * Programmer:  Robb Matzke
 *              Monday, May 18, 1998
 *
 * Modifications:
 *
 *-------------------------------------------------------------------------
 */
herr_t
H5D_istore_init (const H5F_t *f, const H5D_t *dset)
{
    H5D_rdcc_t  *rdcc = &(dset->shared->cache.chunk);
    herr_t      ret_value=SUCCEED;       /* Return value */

    FUNC_ENTER_NOAPI(H5D_istore_init, FAIL)

    if (H5F_RDCC_NBYTES(f)>0 && H5F_RDCC_NELMTS(f)>0) {
        rdcc->nbytes=H5F_RDCC_NBYTES(f);
  rdcc->nslots = H5F_RDCC_NELMTS(f);
  rdcc->slot = H5FL_SEQ_CALLOC (H5D_rdcc_ent_ptr_t,rdcc->nslots);
  if (NULL==rdcc->slot)
      HGOTO_ERROR (H5E_RESOURCE, H5E_NOSPACE, FAIL, "memory allocation failed")
    } /* end if */

    /* Allocate the shared structure */
    if(H5D_istore_shared_create(f, &dset->shared->layout)<0)
  HGOTO_ERROR (H5E_RESOURCE, H5E_CANTINIT, FAIL, "can't create wrapper for shared B-tree info")
done:
    FUNC_LEAVE_NOAPI(ret_value)
} /* end H5D_istore_init() */


/*-------------------------------------------------------------------------
 * Function:  H5D_istore_flush_entry
 *
 * Purpose:  Writes a chunk to disk.  If RESET is non-zero then the
 *    entry is cleared -- it's slightly faster to flush a chunk if
 *    the RESET flag is turned on because it results in one fewer
 *    memory copy.
 *
 * Return:  Non-negative on success/Negative on failure
 *
 * Programmer:  Robb Matzke
 *              Thursday, May 21, 1998
 *
 * Modifications:
 *
 *-------------------------------------------------------------------------
 */
static herr_t
H5D_istore_flush_entry(const H5D_io_info_t *io_info, H5D_rdcc_ent_t *ent, hbool_t reset)
{
    herr_t    ret_value=SUCCEED;  /*return value      */
    unsigned    u;    /*counters      */
    void    *buf=NULL;  /*temporary buffer    */
    size_t    alloc;    /*bytes allocated for BUF  */
    hbool_t    point_of_no_return = FALSE;

    FUNC_ENTER_NOAPI_NOINIT(H5D_istore_flush_entry)

    assert(io_info);
    assert(io_info->dset);
    assert(ent);
    assert(!ent->locked);

    buf = ent->chunk;
    if (ent->dirty) {
        H5D_istore_ud1_t   udata;    /*pass through B-tree    */

        udata.mesg = &io_info->dset->shared->layout;
        udata.key.filter_mask = 0;
        udata.addr = HADDR_UNDEF;
        udata.key.nbytes = ent->chunk_size;
        for (u=0; u<io_info->dset->shared->layout.u.chunk.ndims; u++)
            udata.key.offset[u] = ent->offset[u];
        alloc = ent->alloc_size;

        /* Should the chunk be filtered before writing it to disk? */
        if (io_info->dset->shared->dcpl_cache.pline.nused) {
            if (!reset) {
                /*
                 * Copy the chunk to a new buffer before running it through
                 * the pipeline because we'll want to save the original buffer
                 * for later.
                 */
                alloc = ent->chunk_size;
                if (NULL==(buf = H5MM_malloc(alloc)))
                    HGOTO_ERROR(H5E_RESOURCE, H5E_NOSPACE, FAIL, "memory allocation failed for pipeline")
                HDmemcpy(buf, ent->chunk, ent->chunk_size);
            } else {
                /*
                 * If we are reseting and something goes wrong after this
                 * point then it's too late to recover because we may have
                 * destroyed the original data by calling H5Z_pipeline().
                 * The only safe option is to continue with the reset
                 * even if we can't write the data to disk.
                 */
                point_of_no_return = TRUE;
                ent->chunk = NULL;
            }
            if (H5Z_pipeline(&(io_info->dset->shared->dcpl_cache.pline), 0, &(udata.key.filter_mask), io_info->dxpl_cache->err_detect,
                     io_info->dxpl_cache->filter_cb, &(udata.key.nbytes), &alloc, &buf)<0)
                HGOTO_ERROR(H5E_PLINE, H5E_WRITEERROR, FAIL, "output pipeline failed")
        }

        /*
         * Create the chunk it if it doesn't exist, or reallocate the chunk if
         * its size changed.  Then write the data into the file.
         */
        if (H5B_insert(io_info->dset->ent.file, io_info->dxpl_id, H5B_ISTORE, io_info->dset->shared->layout.u.chunk.addr, &udata)<0)
            HGOTO_ERROR(H5E_IO, H5E_WRITEERROR, FAIL, "unable to allocate chunk")
        if (H5F_block_write(io_info->dset->ent.file, H5FD_MEM_DRAW, udata.addr, udata.key.nbytes, io_info->dxpl_id, buf)<0)
            HGOTO_ERROR(H5E_IO, H5E_WRITEERROR, FAIL, "unable to write raw data to file")

        /* Mark cache entry as clean */
        ent->dirty = FALSE;
#ifdef H5D_ISTORE_DEBUG
        io_info->dset->shared->cache.chunk.nflushes++;
#endif /* H5D_ISTORE_DEBUG */
    } /* end if */

    /* Reset, but do not free or removed from list */
    if (reset) {
        point_of_no_return = FALSE;
        if(buf==ent->chunk)
            buf = NULL;
        if(ent->chunk!=NULL)
            ent->chunk = H5D_istore_chunk_xfree(ent->chunk,&(io_info->dset->shared->dcpl_cache.pline));
    } /* end if */

done:
    /* Free the temp buffer only if it's different than the entry chunk */
    if (buf!=ent->chunk)
        H5MM_xfree(buf);

    /*
     * If we reached the point of no return then we have no choice but to
     * reset the entry.  This can only happen if RESET is true but the
     * output pipeline failed.  Do not free the entry or remove it from the
     * list.
     */
    if (ret_value<0 && point_of_no_return) {
        if(ent->chunk)
            ent->chunk = H5D_istore_chunk_xfree(ent->chunk,&(io_info->dset->shared->dcpl_cache.pline));
    } /* end if */

    FUNC_LEAVE_NOAPI(ret_value)
} /* end H5D_istore_flush_entry() */


/*-------------------------------------------------------------------------
 * Function:    H5D_istore_preempt
 *
 * Purpose:     Preempts the specified entry from the cache, flushing it to
 *              disk if necessary.
 *
 * Return:      Non-negative on success/Negative on failure
 *
 * Programmer:  Robb Matzke
 *              Thursday, May 21, 1998
 *
 * Modifications:
 *      Pedro Vicente, March 28, 2002
 *      Added flush parameter that switches the call to H5F_istore_flush_entry
 *      The call with FALSE is used by the H5F_istore_prune_by_extent function
 *
 *-------------------------------------------------------------------------
 */
static herr_t
H5D_istore_preempt(const H5D_io_info_t *io_info, H5D_rdcc_ent_t * ent, hbool_t flush)
{
    H5D_rdcc_t *rdcc = &(io_info->dset->shared->cache.chunk);
    herr_t      ret_value=SUCCEED;       /* Return value */

    FUNC_ENTER_NOAPI_NOINIT(H5D_istore_preempt)

    assert(io_info);
    assert(ent);
    assert(!ent->locked);
    assert(ent->idx < rdcc->nslots);

    if(flush) {
  /* Flush */
  if(H5D_istore_flush_entry(io_info, ent, TRUE) < 0)
      HGOTO_ERROR(H5E_IO, H5E_WRITEERROR, FAIL, "cannot flush indexed storage buffer")
    }
    else {
        /* Don't flush, just free chunk */
  if(ent->chunk != NULL)
      ent->chunk = H5D_istore_chunk_xfree(ent->chunk,&(io_info->dset->shared->dcpl_cache.pline));
    }

    /* Unlink from list */
    if(ent->prev)
  ent->prev->next = ent->next;
    else
  rdcc->head = ent->next;
    if(ent->next)
  ent->next->prev = ent->prev;
    else
  rdcc->tail = ent->prev;
    ent->prev = ent->next = NULL;

    /* Remove from cache */
    rdcc->slot[ent->idx] = NULL;
    ent->idx = UINT_MAX;
    rdcc->nbytes -= ent->chunk_size;
    --rdcc->nused;

    /* Free */
    H5FL_FREE(H5D_rdcc_ent_t, ent);

done:
    FUNC_LEAVE_NOAPI(ret_value)
} /* end H5D_istore_preempt() */


/*-------------------------------------------------------------------------
 * Function:  H5D_istore_flush
 *
 * Purpose:  Writes all dirty chunks to disk and optionally preempts them
 *    from the cache.
 *
 * Return:  Non-negative on success/Negative on failure
 *
 * Programmer:  Robb Matzke
 *              Thursday, May 21, 1998
 *
 * Modifications:
 *      Pedro Vicente, March 28, 2002
 *      Added TRUE parameter to the call to H5F_istore_preempt
 *
 *-------------------------------------------------------------------------
 */
herr_t
H5D_istore_flush (H5D_t *dset, hid_t dxpl_id, unsigned flags)
{
    H5D_io_info_t io_info;              /* Temporary I/O info object */
    H5D_dxpl_cache_t _dxpl_cache;       /* Data transfer property cache buffer */
    H5D_dxpl_cache_t *dxpl_cache=&_dxpl_cache;   /* Data transfer property cache */
    H5D_rdcc_t *rdcc = &(dset->shared->cache.chunk);
    int    nerrors=0;
    H5D_rdcc_ent_t  *ent=NULL, *next=NULL;
    herr_t      ret_value=SUCCEED;       /* Return value */

    FUNC_ENTER_NOAPI(H5D_istore_flush, FAIL)

    /* Fill the DXPL cache values for later use */
    if (H5D_get_dxpl_cache(dxpl_id,&dxpl_cache)<0)
        HGOTO_ERROR(H5E_DATASET, H5E_CANTGET, FAIL, "can't fill dxpl cache")

    /* Construct dataset I/O info */
    H5D_BUILD_IO_INFO(&io_info,dset,dxpl_cache,dxpl_id,NULL);

    for (ent=rdcc->head; ent; ent=next) {
  next = ent->next;
  if ((flags&H5F_FLUSH_CLEAR_ONLY)) {
            /* Just mark cache entry as clean */
            ent->dirty = FALSE;
        } /* end if */
  else if ((flags&H5F_FLUSH_INVALIDATE)) {
      if (H5D_istore_preempt(&io_info, ent, TRUE )<0)
    nerrors++;
  } else {
      if (H5D_istore_flush_entry(&io_info, ent, FALSE)<0)
    nerrors++;
  }
    } /* end for */

    if (nerrors)
  HGOTO_ERROR (H5E_IO, H5E_CANTFLUSH, FAIL, "unable to flush one or more raw data chunks")

done:
    FUNC_LEAVE_NOAPI(ret_value)
} /* end H5D_istore_flush() */


/*-------------------------------------------------------------------------
 * Function:  H5D_istore_dest
 *
 * Purpose:  Destroy the entire chunk cache by flushing dirty entries,
 *    preempting all entries, and freeing the cache itself.
 *
 * Return:  Non-negative on success/Negative on failure
 *
 * Programmer:  Robb Matzke
 *              Thursday, May 21, 1998
 *
 * Modifications:
 *      Pedro Vicente, March 28, 2002
 *      Added TRUE parameter to the call to H5F_istore_preempt
 *
 *-------------------------------------------------------------------------
 */
herr_t
H5D_istore_dest (H5D_t *dset, hid_t dxpl_id)
{
    H5D_io_info_t io_info;              /* Temporary I/O info object */
    H5D_dxpl_cache_t _dxpl_cache;       /* Data transfer property cache buffer */
    H5D_dxpl_cache_t *dxpl_cache=&_dxpl_cache;   /* Data transfer property cache */
    H5D_rdcc_t    *rdcc = &(dset->shared->cache.chunk);
    int    nerrors=0;
    H5D_rdcc_ent_t  *ent=NULL, *next=NULL;
    herr_t      ret_value=SUCCEED;       /* Return value */

    FUNC_ENTER_NOAPI(H5D_istore_dest, FAIL)

    assert(dset);

    /* Fill the DXPL cache values for later use */
    if (H5D_get_dxpl_cache(dxpl_id,&dxpl_cache)<0)
        HGOTO_ERROR(H5E_DATASET, H5E_CANTGET, FAIL, "can't fill dxpl cache")

    /* Construct dataset I/O info */
    H5D_BUILD_IO_INFO(&io_info,dset,dxpl_cache,dxpl_id,NULL);

    /* Flush all the cached chunks */
    for (ent=rdcc->head; ent; ent=next) {
#ifdef H5D_ISTORE_DEBUG
  HDfputc('c', stderr);
  HDfflush(stderr);
#endif
  next = ent->next;
  if (H5D_istore_preempt(&io_info, ent, TRUE )<0)
      nerrors++;
    }
    if (nerrors)
  HGOTO_ERROR (H5E_IO, H5E_CANTFLUSH, FAIL, "unable to flush one or more raw data chunks")

    if(rdcc->slot)
        H5FL_SEQ_FREE (H5D_rdcc_ent_ptr_t,rdcc->slot);
    HDmemset (rdcc, 0, sizeof(H5D_rdcc_t));

    /* Free the raw B-tree node buffer */
   if(dset->shared->layout.u.chunk.btree_shared==NULL)
        HGOTO_ERROR (H5E_IO, H5E_CANTFREE, FAIL, "ref-counted page nil")
    if(H5RC_DEC(dset->shared->layout.u.chunk.btree_shared)<0)
  HGOTO_ERROR (H5E_IO, H5E_CANTFREE, FAIL, "unable to decrement ref-counted page")

done:
    FUNC_LEAVE_NOAPI(ret_value)
} /* end H5D_istore_dest() */


/*-------------------------------------------------------------------------
 * Function:  H5D_istore_shared_create
 *
 * Purpose:  Create & initialize B-tree shared info
 *
 * Return:  Non-negative on success/Negative on failure
 *
 * Programmer:  Quincey Koziol
 *              Monday, September 27, 2004
 *
 * Modifications:
 *
 *-------------------------------------------------------------------------
 */
static herr_t
H5D_istore_shared_create (const H5F_t *f, H5O_layout_t *layout)
{
    H5D_istore_ud1_t  udata;
    H5B_shared_t *shared;               /* Shared B-tree node info */
    size_t  u;                      /* Local index variable */
    herr_t      ret_value=SUCCEED;       /* Return value */

    FUNC_ENTER_NOAPI_NOINIT(H5D_istore_shared_create)

    /* Initialize "user" data for B-tree callbacks, etc. */
    udata.mesg = layout;

    /* Allocate space for the shared structure */
    if(NULL==(shared=H5FL_MALLOC(H5B_shared_t)))
  HGOTO_ERROR (H5E_RESOURCE, H5E_NOSPACE, FAIL, "memory allocation failed for shared B-tree info")

    /* Set up the "global" information for this file's groups */
    shared->type= H5B_ISTORE;
    shared->two_k=2*H5F_KVALUE(f,H5B_ISTORE);
    shared->sizeof_rkey = H5D_istore_sizeof_rkey(f, &udata);
    assert(shared->sizeof_rkey);
    shared->sizeof_rnode = H5B_nodesize(f, shared, &shared->sizeof_keys);
    assert(shared->sizeof_rnode);
    if(NULL==(shared->page=H5FL_BLK_MALLOC(chunk_page,shared->sizeof_rnode)))
  HGOTO_ERROR (H5E_RESOURCE, H5E_NOSPACE, FAIL, "memory allocation failed for B-tree page")
#ifdef H5_USING_PURIFY
HDmemset(shared->page,0,shared->sizeof_rnode);
#endif /* H5_USING_PURIFY */
    if(NULL==(shared->nkey=H5FL_SEQ_MALLOC(size_t,(size_t)(2*H5F_KVALUE(f,H5B_ISTORE)+1))))
  HGOTO_ERROR (H5E_RESOURCE, H5E_NOSPACE, FAIL, "memory allocation failed for B-tree page")

    /* Initialize the offsets into the native key buffer */
    for(u=0; u<(2*H5F_KVALUE(f,H5B_ISTORE)+1); u++)
        shared->nkey[u]=u*H5B_ISTORE[0].sizeof_nkey;

    /* Make shared B-tree info reference counted */
    if(NULL==(layout->u.chunk.btree_shared=H5RC_create(shared,H5D_istore_shared_free)))
  HGOTO_ERROR (H5E_RESOURCE, H5E_NOSPACE, FAIL, "can't create ref-count wrapper for shared B-tree info")

done:
    FUNC_LEAVE_NOAPI(ret_value)
} /* end H5D_istore_shared_create() */


/*-------------------------------------------------------------------------
 * Function:  H5D_istore_shared_free
 *
 * Purpose:  Free B-tree shared info
 *
 * Return:  Non-negative on success/Negative on failure
 *
 * Programmer:  Quincey Koziol
 *              Thursday, July  8, 2004
 *
 * Modifications:
 *
 *-------------------------------------------------------------------------
 */
static herr_t
H5D_istore_shared_free (void *_shared)
{
    H5B_shared_t *shared = (H5B_shared_t *)_shared;

    FUNC_ENTER_NOAPI_NOINIT_NOFUNC(H5D_istore_shared_free)

    /* Free the raw B-tree node buffer */
    H5FL_BLK_FREE(chunk_page,shared->page);

    /* Free the B-tree native key offsets buffer */
    H5FL_SEQ_FREE(size_t,shared->nkey);

    /* Free the shared B-tree info */
    H5FL_FREE(H5B_shared_t,shared);

    FUNC_LEAVE_NOAPI(SUCCEED)
} /* end H5D_istore_shared_free() */


/*-------------------------------------------------------------------------
 * Function:  H5D_istore_prune
 *
 * Purpose:  Prune the cache by preempting some things until the cache has
 *    room for something which is SIZE bytes.  Only unlocked
 *    entries are considered for preemption.
 *
 * Return:  Non-negative on success/Negative on failure
 *
 * Programmer:  Robb Matzke
 *              Thursday, May 21, 1998
 *
 * Modifications:
 *      Pedro Vicente, March 28, 2002
 *      TRUE parameter to the call to H5F_istore_preempt
 *
 *-------------------------------------------------------------------------
 */
static herr_t
H5D_istore_prune (const H5D_io_info_t *io_info, size_t size)
{
    int    i, j, nerrors=0;
    const H5D_rdcc_t  *rdcc = &(io_info->dset->shared->cache.chunk);
    size_t    total = rdcc->nbytes;
    const int    nmeth=2;  /*number of methods    */
    int            w[1];    /*weighting as an interval  */
    H5D_rdcc_ent_t  *p[2], *cur;  /*list pointers      */
    H5D_rdcc_ent_t  *n[2];    /*list next pointers    */
    herr_t      ret_value=SUCCEED;       /* Return value */

    FUNC_ENTER_NOAPI_NOINIT(H5D_istore_prune)

    /*
     * Preemption is accomplished by having multiple pointers (currently two)
     * slide down the list beginning at the head. Pointer p(N+1) will start
     * traversing the list when pointer pN reaches wN percent of the original
     * list.  In other words, preemption method N gets to consider entries in
     * approximate least recently used order w0 percent before method N+1
     * where 100% means tha method N will run to completion before method N+1
     * begins.  The pointers participating in the list traversal are each
     * given a chance at preemption before any of the pointers are advanced.
     */
    w[0] = (int)(rdcc->nused * H5F_RDCC_W0(io_info->dset->ent.file));
    p[0] = rdcc->head;
    p[1] = NULL;

    while ((p[0] || p[1]) && rdcc->nbytes+size>total) {

  /* Introduce new pointers */
  for (i=0; i<nmeth-1; i++)
            if (0==w[i])
                p[i+1] = rdcc->head;

  /* Compute next value for each pointer */
  for (i=0; i<nmeth; i++)
            n[i] = p[i] ? p[i]->next : NULL;

  /* Give each method a chance */
  for (i=0; i<nmeth && rdcc->nbytes+size>total; i++) {
      if (0==i && p[0] && !p[0]->locked &&
                    ((0==p[0]->rd_count && 0==p[0]->wr_count) ||
                     (0==p[0]->rd_count && p[0]->chunk_size==p[0]->wr_count) ||
                     (p[0]->chunk_size==p[0]->rd_count && 0==p[0]->wr_count))) {
    /*
     * Method 0: Preempt entries that have been completely written
     * and/or completely read but not entries that are partially
     * written or partially read.
     */
    cur = p[0];
#ifdef H5D_ISTORE_DEBUG
    HDputc('.', stderr);
    HDfflush(stderr);
#endif

      } else if (1==i && p[1] && !p[1]->locked) {
    /*
     * Method 1: Preempt the entry without regard to
     * considerations other than being locked.  This is the last
     * resort preemption.
     */
    cur = p[1];
#ifdef H5D_ISTORE_DEBUG
    HDputc(':', stderr);
    HDfflush(stderr);
#endif

      } else {
    /* Nothing to preempt at this point */
    cur= NULL;
      }

      if (cur) {
    for (j=0; j<nmeth; j++) {
        if (p[j]==cur)
                        p[j] = NULL;
        if (n[j]==cur)
                        n[j] = cur->next;
    }
    if (H5D_istore_preempt(io_info, cur, TRUE)<0)
                    nerrors++;
      }
  }

  /* Advance pointers */
  for (i=0; i<nmeth; i++)
            p[i] = n[i];
  for (i=0; i<nmeth-1; i++)
            w[i] -= 1;
    }

    if (nerrors)
  HGOTO_ERROR (H5E_IO, H5E_CANTFLUSH, FAIL, "unable to preempt one or more raw data cache entry")

done:
    FUNC_LEAVE_NOAPI(ret_value)
} /* end H5D_istore_prune() */


/*-------------------------------------------------------------------------
 * Function:  H5D_istore_lock
 *
 * Purpose:  Return a pointer to a dataset chunk.  The pointer points
 *    directly into the chunk cache and should not be freed
 *    by the caller but will be valid until it is unlocked.  The
 *    input value IDX_HINT is used to speed up cache lookups and
 *    it's output value should be given to H5F_istore_unlock().
 *    IDX_HINT is ignored if it is out of range, and if it points
 *    to the wrong entry then we fall back to the normal search
 *    method.
 *
 *    If RELAX is non-zero and the chunk isn't in the cache then
 *    don't try to read it from the file, but just allocate an
 *    uninitialized buffer to hold the result.  This is intended
 *    for output functions that are about to overwrite the entire
 *    chunk.
 *
 * Return:  Success:  Ptr to a file chunk.
 *
 *    Failure:  NULL
 *
 * Programmer:  Robb Matzke
 *              Thursday, May 21, 1998
 *
 * Modifications:
 *    Robb Matzke, 1999-08-02
 *    The split ratios are passed in as part of the data transfer
 *    property list.
 *
 *              Pedro Vicente, March 28, 2002
 *              TRUE parameter to the call to H5F_istore_preempt
 *-------------------------------------------------------------------------
 */
static void *
H5D_istore_lock(const H5D_io_info_t *io_info,
    H5D_istore_ud1_t *udata, hbool_t relax, unsigned *idx_hint/*in,out*/)
{
    H5D_t *dset=io_info->dset;          /* Local pointer to the dataset info */
    const H5O_pline_t  *pline=&(dset->shared->dcpl_cache.pline);    /* I/O pipeline info */
    const H5O_layout_t *layout=&(dset->shared->layout); /* Dataset layout */
    const H5O_fill_t *fill=&(dset->shared->dcpl_cache.fill);    /* Fill value info */
    H5D_fill_time_t fill_time=dset->shared->dcpl_cache.fill_time;  /* Fill time */
    H5D_rdcc_t    *rdcc = &(dset->shared->cache.chunk);/*raw data chunk cache*/
    H5D_rdcc_ent_t  *ent = NULL;    /*cache entry    */
    unsigned    idx=0;      /*hash index number  */
    hbool_t    found = FALSE;    /*already in cache?  */
    unsigned    u;      /*counters    */
    size_t    chunk_size=0;    /*size of a chunk  */
    void    *chunk=NULL;    /*the file chunk  */
    void    *ret_value;          /*return value    */

    FUNC_ENTER_NOAPI_NOINIT(H5D_istore_lock)

    assert(io_info);
    assert(dset);
    assert(io_info->dxpl_cache);
    assert(io_info->store);
    assert(TRUE==H5P_isa_class(io_info->dxpl_id,H5P_DATASET_XFER));

    /* Get the chunk's size */
    assert(layout->u.chunk.size>0);
    H5_ASSIGN_OVERFLOW(chunk_size,layout->u.chunk.size,hsize_t,size_t);

    /* Search for the chunk in the cache */
    if (rdcc->nslots>0) {
        idx=H5D_HASH(dset->shared,io_info->store->chunk.index);
        ent = rdcc->slot[idx];

        if (ent) {
            for (u=0, found=TRUE; u<layout->u.chunk.ndims; u++) {
                if (io_info->store->chunk.offset[u]!=ent->offset[u]) {
                    found = FALSE;
                    break;
                } /* end if */
            } /* end for */
        } /* end if */
    } /* end if */

    if (found) {
        /*
         * Already in the cache.  Count a hit.
         */
#ifdef H5D_ISTORE_DEBUG
        rdcc->nhits++;
#endif /* H5D_ISTORE_DEBUG */

    } else if (relax) {
        /*
         * Not in the cache, but we're about to overwrite the whole thing
         * anyway, so just allocate a buffer for it but don't initialize that
         * buffer with the file contents. Count this as a hit instead of a
         * miss because we saved ourselves lots of work.
         */
#ifdef H5D_ISTORE_DEBUG
        HDputc('w', stderr);
        HDfflush(stderr);
        rdcc->nhits++;
#endif
        if (NULL==(chunk=H5D_istore_chunk_alloc (chunk_size,pline)))
            HGOTO_ERROR (H5E_RESOURCE, H5E_NOSPACE, NULL, "memory allocation failed for raw data chunk")

    } else {
        H5D_istore_ud1_t tmp_udata;    /*B-tree pass-through  */
        haddr_t chunk_addr;             /* Address of chunk on disk */

        if(udata!=NULL)
            chunk_addr=udata->addr;
        else {
            /* Point at temporary storage for B-tree pass through */
            udata=&tmp_udata;

            /*
             * Not in the cache.  Read it from the file and count this as a miss
             * if it's in the file or an init if it isn't.
             */
            chunk_addr = H5D_istore_get_addr(io_info, udata);
        } /* end else */

        if (H5F_addr_defined(chunk_addr)) {
            size_t    chunk_alloc=0;    /*allocated chunk size  */

            /*
             * The chunk exists on disk.
             */
            /* Chunk size on disk isn't [likely] the same size as the final chunk
             * size in memory, so allocate memory big enough. */
            chunk_alloc = udata->key.nbytes;
            if (NULL==(chunk = H5D_istore_chunk_alloc (chunk_alloc,pline)))
                HGOTO_ERROR (H5E_RESOURCE, H5E_NOSPACE, NULL, "memory allocation failed for raw data chunk")
            if (H5F_block_read(dset->ent.file, H5FD_MEM_DRAW, chunk_addr, udata->key.nbytes, io_info->dxpl_id, chunk)<0)
                HGOTO_ERROR (H5E_IO, H5E_READERROR, NULL, "unable to read raw data chunk")

            if (pline->nused)
                if (H5Z_pipeline(pline, H5Z_FLAG_REVERSE, &(udata->key.filter_mask), io_info->dxpl_cache->err_detect,
                         io_info->dxpl_cache->filter_cb, &(udata->key.nbytes), &chunk_alloc, &chunk)<0) {
                    HGOTO_ERROR(H5E_PLINE, H5E_READERROR, NULL, "data pipeline read failed")
                }
#ifdef H5D_ISTORE_DEBUG
            rdcc->nmisses++;
#endif /* H5D_ISTORE_DEBUG */
        } else {
            H5D_fill_value_t  fill_status;

#ifdef OLD_WAY
            /* Clear the error stack from not finding the chunk on disk */
            H5E_clear();
#endif /* OLD_WAY */

            /* Chunk size on disk isn't [likely] the same size as the final chunk
             * size in memory, so allocate memory big enough. */
            if (NULL==(chunk = H5D_istore_chunk_alloc (chunk_size,pline)))
                HGOTO_ERROR (H5E_RESOURCE, H5E_NOSPACE, NULL, "memory allocation failed for raw data chunk")

            if (H5P_is_fill_value_defined(fill, &fill_status) < 0)
                HGOTO_ERROR(H5E_PLIST, H5E_CANTGET, NULL, "can't tell if fill value defined")

            if(fill_time==H5D_FILL_TIME_ALLOC ||
                    (fill_time==H5D_FILL_TIME_IFSET && fill_status==H5D_FILL_VALUE_USER_DEFINED)) {
                if (fill && fill->buf) {
                    /*
                     * The chunk doesn't exist in the file.  Replicate the fill
                     * value throughout the chunk.
                     */
                    assert(0==chunk_size % fill->size);
                    H5V_array_fill(chunk, fill->buf, fill->size, chunk_size/fill->size);
                } else {
                    /*
                     * The chunk doesn't exist in the file and no fill value was
                     * specified.  Assume all zeros.
                     */
                    HDmemset (chunk, 0, chunk_size);
                } /* end else */
            } /* end if */
#ifdef H5_USING_PURIFY
else
    HDmemset(chunk,0,chunk_size);
#endif /* H5_USING_PURIFY */
#ifdef H5D_ISTORE_DEBUG
            rdcc->ninits++;
#endif /* H5D_ISTORE_DEBUG */
        } /* end else */
    }
    assert (found || chunk_size>0);

    if (!found && rdcc->nslots>0 && chunk_size<=rdcc->nbytes &&
            (!ent || !ent->locked)) {
        /*
         * Add the chunk to the cache only if the slot is not already locked.
         * Preempt enough things from the cache to make room.
         */
        if (ent) {
#ifdef H5D_ISTORE_DEBUG
            HDputc('#', stderr);
            HDfflush(stderr);
#endif
            if (H5D_istore_preempt(io_info, ent, TRUE)<0)
                HGOTO_ERROR(H5E_IO, H5E_CANTINIT, NULL, "unable to preempt chunk from cache")
        }
        if (H5D_istore_prune(io_info, chunk_size)<0)
            HGOTO_ERROR(H5E_IO, H5E_CANTINIT, NULL, "unable to preempt chunk(s) from cache")

        /* Create a new entry */
        ent = H5FL_MALLOC(H5D_rdcc_ent_t);
        ent->locked = 0;
        ent->dirty = FALSE;
        ent->chunk_size = chunk_size;
        ent->alloc_size = chunk_size;
        for (u=0; u<layout->u.chunk.ndims; u++)
            ent->offset[u] = io_info->store->chunk.offset[u];
        ent->rd_count = chunk_size;
        ent->wr_count = chunk_size;
        ent->chunk = chunk;

        /* Add it to the cache */
        assert(NULL==rdcc->slot[idx]);
        rdcc->slot[idx] = ent;
        ent->idx = idx;
        rdcc->nbytes += chunk_size;
        rdcc->nused++;

        /* Add it to the linked list */
        ent->next = NULL;
        if (rdcc->tail) {
            rdcc->tail->next = ent;
            ent->prev = rdcc->tail;
            rdcc->tail = ent;
        } else {
            rdcc->head = rdcc->tail = ent;
            ent->prev = NULL;
        }
        found = TRUE;
    } else if (!found) {
        /*
         * The chunk is larger than the entire cache so we don't cache it.
         * This is the reason all those arguments have to be repeated for the
         * unlock function.
         */
        ent = NULL;
        idx = UINT_MAX;

    } else {
        /*
         * The chunk is not at the beginning of the cache; move it backward
         * by one slot.  This is how we implement the LRU preemption
         * algorithm.
         */
        assert(ent);
        if (ent->next) {
            if (ent->next->next)
                ent->next->next->prev = ent;
            else
                rdcc->tail = ent;
            ent->next->prev = ent->prev;
            if (ent->prev)
                ent->prev->next = ent->next;
            else
                rdcc->head = ent->next;
            ent->prev = ent->next;
            ent->next = ent->next->next;
            ent->prev->next = ent;
        }
    }

    /* Lock the chunk into the cache */
    if (ent) {
        assert (!ent->locked);
        ent->locked = TRUE;
        chunk = ent->chunk;
    }

    if (idx_hint)
        *idx_hint = idx;

    /* Set return value */
    ret_value = chunk;

done:
    if (!ret_value)
        if(chunk)
            chunk=H5D_istore_chunk_xfree (chunk,pline);
    FUNC_LEAVE_NOAPI(ret_value)
} /* end H5D_istore_lock() */


/*-------------------------------------------------------------------------
 * Function:  H5D_istore_unlock
 *
 * Purpose:  Unlocks a previously locked chunk. The LAYOUT, COMP, and
 *    OFFSET arguments should be the same as for H5F_rdcc_lock().
 *    The DIRTY argument should be set to non-zero if the chunk has
 *    been modified since it was locked. The IDX_HINT argument is
 *    the returned index hint from the lock operation and BUF is
 *    the return value from the lock.
 *
 *    The NACCESSED argument should be the number of bytes accessed
 *    for reading or writing (depending on the value of DIRTY).
 *    It's only purpose is to provide additional information to the
 *    preemption policy.
 *
 * Return:  Non-negative on success/Negative on failure
 *
 * Programmer:  Robb Matzke
 *              Thursday, May 21, 1998
 *
 * Modifications:
 *    Robb Matzke, 1999-08-02
 *    The split_ratios are passed as part of the data transfer
 *    property list.
 *-------------------------------------------------------------------------
 */
static herr_t
H5D_istore_unlock(const H5D_io_info_t *io_info,
    hbool_t dirty, unsigned idx_hint, uint8_t *chunk, size_t naccessed)
{
    const H5O_layout_t *layout=&(io_info->dset->shared->layout); /* Dataset layout */
    const H5D_rdcc_t  *rdcc = &(io_info->dset->shared->cache.chunk);
    H5D_rdcc_ent_t  *ent = NULL;
    unsigned    u;
    herr_t              ret_value=SUCCEED;      /* Return value */

    FUNC_ENTER_NOAPI_NOINIT(H5D_istore_unlock)

    assert(io_info);

    if (UINT_MAX==idx_hint) {
        /*
         * It's not in the cache, probably because it's too big.  If it's
         * dirty then flush it to disk.  In any case, free the chunk.
         * Note: we have to copy the layout and filter messages so we
         *   don't discard the `const' qualifier.
         */
        if (dirty) {
            H5D_rdcc_ent_t x;

            HDmemset (&x, 0, sizeof x);
            x.dirty = TRUE;
            for (u=0; u<layout->u.chunk.ndims; u++)
                x.offset[u] = io_info->store->chunk.offset[u];
            assert(layout->u.chunk.size>0);
            H5_ASSIGN_OVERFLOW(x.chunk_size,layout->u.chunk.size,hsize_t,size_t);
            x.alloc_size = x.chunk_size;
            x.chunk = chunk;

            if (H5D_istore_flush_entry(io_info, &x, TRUE)<0)
                HGOTO_ERROR(H5E_IO, H5E_WRITEERROR, FAIL, "cannot flush indexed storage buffer")
        } else {
            if(chunk)
                chunk=H5D_istore_chunk_xfree (chunk,&(io_info->dset->shared->dcpl_cache.pline));
        }
    } else {
        /* Sanity check */
  assert(idx_hint<rdcc->nslots);
  assert(rdcc->slot[idx_hint]);
  assert(rdcc->slot[idx_hint]->chunk==chunk);

        /*
         * It's in the cache so unlock it.
         */
        ent = rdcc->slot[idx_hint];
        assert (ent->locked);
        if (dirty) {
            ent->dirty = TRUE;
            ent->wr_count -= MIN (ent->wr_count, naccessed);
        } else {
            ent->rd_count -= MIN (ent->rd_count, naccessed);
        }
        ent->locked = FALSE;
    }

done:
    FUNC_LEAVE_NOAPI(ret_value)
} /* end H5D_istore_unlock() */


/*-------------------------------------------------------------------------
 * Function:  H5D_istore_readvv
 *
 * Purpose:  Reads a multi-dimensional buffer from (part of) an indexed raw
 *    storage array.
 *
 * Return:  Non-negative on success/Negative on failure
 *
 * Programmer:  Quincey Koziol
 *    Wednesday, May  7, 2003
 *
 * Modifications:
 *
 *-------------------------------------------------------------------------
 */
ssize_t
H5D_istore_readvv(const H5D_io_info_t *io_info,
    size_t chunk_max_nseq, size_t *chunk_curr_seq, size_t chunk_len_arr[], hsize_t chunk_offset_arr[],
    size_t mem_max_nseq, size_t *mem_curr_seq, size_t mem_len_arr[], hsize_t mem_offset_arr[],
    void *buf)
{
    H5D_t *dset=io_info->dset;          /* Local pointer to the dataset info */
    H5D_istore_ud1_t udata;    /*B-tree pass-through  */
    haddr_t          chunk_addr;     /* Chunk address on disk */
    size_t    u;              /* Local index variables */
    ssize_t             ret_value;      /* Return value */

    FUNC_ENTER_NOAPI(H5D_istore_readvv, FAIL)

    /* Check args */
    assert(io_info);
    assert(dset && H5D_CHUNKED==dset->shared->layout.type);
    assert(dset->shared->layout.u.chunk.ndims>0 && dset->shared->layout.u.chunk.ndims<=H5O_LAYOUT_NDIMS);
    assert(io_info->dxpl_cache);
    assert(io_info->store);
    assert(chunk_len_arr);
    assert(chunk_offset_arr);
    assert(mem_len_arr);
    assert(mem_offset_arr);
    assert(buf);

    /* Get the address of this chunk on disk */
#ifdef QAK
HDfprintf(stderr,"%s: io_info->store->chunk.offset={",FUNC);
for(u=0; u<dset->shared->layout.u.chunk.ndims; u++)
    HDfprintf(stderr,"%Hd%s",io_info->store->chunk.offset[u],(u<(dset->shared->layout.u.chunk.ndims-1) ? ", " : "}\n"));
#endif /* QAK */
    chunk_addr=H5D_istore_get_addr(io_info, &udata);
#ifdef QAK
HDfprintf(stderr,"%s: chunk_addr=%a, chunk_size=%Zu\n",FUNC,chunk_addr,dset->shared->layout.u.chunk.size);
HDfprintf(stderr,"%s: chunk_len_arr[%Zu]=%Zu\n",FUNC,*chunk_curr_seq,chunk_len_arr[*chunk_curr_seq]);
HDfprintf(stderr,"%s: chunk_offset_arr[%Zu]=%Hu\n",FUNC,*chunk_curr_seq,chunk_offset_arr[*chunk_curr_seq]);
HDfprintf(stderr,"%s: mem_len_arr[%Zu]=%Zu\n",FUNC,*mem_curr_seq,mem_len_arr[*mem_curr_seq]);
HDfprintf(stderr,"%s: mem_offset_arr[%Zu]=%Hu\n",FUNC,*mem_curr_seq,mem_offset_arr[*mem_curr_seq]);
HDfprintf(stderr,"%s: buf=%p\n",FUNC,buf);
#endif /* QAK */

    /*
     * If the chunk is too large to load into the cache and it has no
     * filters in the pipeline (i.e. not compressed) and if the address
     * for the chunk has been defined, then don't load the chunk into the
     * cache, just read the data from it directly.
     *
     * If MPI based VFD is used, must bypass the
     * chunk-cache scheme because other MPI processes could be
     * writing to other elements in the same chunk.  Do a direct
     * read-through of only the elements requested.
     */
    if (dset->shared->dcpl_cache.pline.nused==0 && ((dset->shared->layout.u.chunk.size>dset->shared->cache.chunk.nbytes && chunk_addr!=HADDR_UNDEF)
            || (IS_H5FD_MPI(dset->ent.file) && (H5F_ACC_RDWR & H5F_get_intent(dset->ent.file))))) {
        H5D_io_info_t chk_io_info;      /* Temporary I/O info object */
        H5D_storage_t chk_store;        /* Chunk storage information */

        /* Set up the storage information for the chunk */
        chk_store.contig.dset_addr=chunk_addr;
        chk_store.contig.dset_size=(hsize_t)dset->shared->layout.u.chunk.size;

        /* Set up new dataset I/O info */
        H5D_BUILD_IO_INFO(&chk_io_info,dset,io_info->dxpl_cache,io_info->dxpl_id,&chk_store);

        /* Do I/O directly on chunk without reading it into the cache */
        if ((ret_value=H5D_contig_readvv(&chk_io_info, chunk_max_nseq, chunk_curr_seq, chunk_len_arr, chunk_offset_arr, mem_max_nseq, mem_curr_seq, mem_len_arr, mem_offset_arr, buf))<0)
            HGOTO_ERROR (H5E_IO, H5E_READERROR, FAIL, "unable to read raw data to file")
    } /* end if */
    else {
        uint8_t         *chunk;         /* Pointer to cached chunk in memory */
        unsigned        idx_hint=0;     /* Cache index hint      */
        ssize_t         naccessed;      /* Number of bytes accessed in chunk */

        /* If the chunk address is not defined, check if the fill value is
         * undefined also.  If both situations hold, don't bother copying
         * values to the destination buffer, since they will just be
         * garbage.
         *
         * Ideally, this will eventually be checked at a higher level and
         * the entire I/O operation on the chunk will be skipped.  -QAK
         */
        if(!H5F_addr_defined(chunk_addr)) {
            const H5O_fill_t *fill=&(dset->shared->dcpl_cache.fill);    /* Fill value info */
            H5D_fill_time_t fill_time=dset->shared->dcpl_cache.fill_time;  /* Fill time */
            H5D_fill_value_t  fill_status;
            H5D_rdcc_t    *rdcc = &(dset->shared->cache.chunk);/*raw data chunk cache*/
            hbool_t    found = FALSE;    /*already in cache?  */

            /* Check if the chunk is in the cache (but hasn't been written to disk yet) */
            if (rdcc->nslots>0) {
                unsigned idx=H5D_HASH(dset->shared,io_info->store->chunk.index); /* Cache entry index */
                H5D_rdcc_ent_t  *ent = rdcc->slot[idx]; /* Cache entry */

                /* Potential match... */
                if (ent) {
                    for (u=0, found=TRUE; u<dset->shared->layout.u.chunk.ndims; u++) {
                        if (io_info->store->chunk.offset[u]!=ent->offset[u]) {
                            found = FALSE;
                            break;
                        } /* end if */
                    } /* end for */
                } /* end if */
            } /* end if */

            /* If the chunk is in the cache, then it must have valid data */
            if(!found) {
                /* Check if the fill value is defined */
                if (H5P_is_fill_value_defined(fill, &fill_status) < 0)
                    HGOTO_ERROR(H5E_PLIST, H5E_CANTGET, FAIL, "can't tell if fill value defined")

                /* If we are never to return fill values, or if we would return them
                 * but they aren't set, process the entire set of I/O vectors and
                 * get out now.
                 */
                if(fill_time==H5D_FILL_TIME_NEVER ||
                        (fill_time==H5D_FILL_TIME_IFSET && fill_status!=H5D_FILL_VALUE_USER_DEFINED)) {
                    size_t size;                /* Size of sequence in bytes */
                    size_t v;                   /* Local index variable */
                    ssize_t bytes_processed=0;  /* Eventual return value */

                    /* Work through all the sequences */
                    for(u=*mem_curr_seq, v=*chunk_curr_seq; u<mem_max_nseq && v<chunk_max_nseq; ) {
                        /* Choose smallest buffer to write */
                        if(chunk_len_arr[v]<mem_len_arr[u])
                            size=chunk_len_arr[v];
                        else
                            size=mem_len_arr[u];

                        /* Update source information */
                        chunk_len_arr[v]-=size;
                        chunk_offset_arr[v]+=size;
                        if(chunk_len_arr[v]==0)
                            v++;

                        /* Update destination information */
                        mem_len_arr[u]-=size;
                        mem_offset_arr[u]+=size;
                        if(mem_len_arr[u]==0)
                            u++;

                        /* Increment number of bytes copied */
                        bytes_processed+=(ssize_t)size;
                    } /* end for */

                    /* Update current sequence vectors */
                    *mem_curr_seq=u;
                    *chunk_curr_seq=v;

                    HGOTO_DONE(bytes_processed)
                } /* end if */
            } /* end if */
        } /* end if */

        /*
         * Lock the chunk, copy from application to chunk, then unlock the
         * chunk.
         */
        if (NULL==(chunk=H5D_istore_lock(io_info, &udata, FALSE, &idx_hint)))
            HGOTO_ERROR(H5E_IO, H5E_READERROR, FAIL, "unable to read raw data chunk")

        /* Use the vectorized memory copy routine to do actual work */
        if((naccessed=H5V_memcpyvv(buf,mem_max_nseq,mem_curr_seq,mem_len_arr,mem_offset_arr,chunk,chunk_max_nseq,chunk_curr_seq,chunk_len_arr,chunk_offset_arr))<0)
            HGOTO_ERROR(H5E_IO, H5E_READERROR, FAIL, "vectorized memcpy failed")

        H5_CHECK_OVERFLOW(naccessed,ssize_t,size_t);
        if (H5D_istore_unlock(io_info, FALSE, idx_hint, chunk, (size_t)naccessed)<0)
            HGOTO_ERROR(H5E_IO, H5E_READERROR, FAIL, "unable to unlock raw data chunk")

        /* Set return value */
        ret_value=naccessed;
    } /* end else */

done:
    FUNC_LEAVE_NOAPI(ret_value)
} /* H5D_istore_readvv() */


/*-------------------------------------------------------------------------
 * Function:  H5D_istore_writevv
 *
 * Purpose:  Writes a multi-dimensional buffer to (part of) an indexed raw
 *    storage array.
 *
 * Return:  Non-negative on success/Negative on failure
 *
 * Programmer:  Quincey Koziol
 *    Friday, May  2, 2003
 *
 * Modifications:
 *
 *-------------------------------------------------------------------------
 */
ssize_t
H5D_istore_writevv(const H5D_io_info_t *io_info,
    size_t chunk_max_nseq, size_t *chunk_curr_seq, size_t chunk_len_arr[], hsize_t chunk_offset_arr[],
    size_t mem_max_nseq, size_t *mem_curr_seq, size_t mem_len_arr[], hsize_t mem_offset_arr[],
    const void *buf)
{
    H5D_t *dset=io_info->dset;          /* Local pointer to the dataset info */
    H5D_istore_ud1_t udata;    /*B-tree pass-through  */
    haddr_t          chunk_addr;     /* Chunk address on disk */
    size_t    u;              /* Local index variables */
    ssize_t             ret_value;      /* Return value */

    FUNC_ENTER_NOAPI(H5D_istore_writevv, FAIL)

    /* Check args */
    assert(io_info);
    assert(dset && H5D_CHUNKED==dset->shared->layout.type);
    assert(dset->shared->layout.u.chunk.ndims>0 && dset->shared->layout.u.chunk.ndims<=H5O_LAYOUT_NDIMS);
    assert(io_info->dxpl_cache);
    assert(io_info->store);
    assert(chunk_len_arr);
    assert(chunk_offset_arr);
    assert(mem_len_arr);
    assert(mem_offset_arr);
    assert(buf);

    /* Get the address of this chunk on disk */
#ifdef QAK
HDfprintf(stderr,"%s: io_info->store->chunk.offset={",FUNC);
for(u=0; u<dset->shared->layout.u.chunk.ndims; u++)
    HDfprintf(stderr,"%Hd%s",io_info->store->chunk.offset[u],(u<(dset->shared->layout.u.chunk.ndims-1) ? ", " : "}\n"));
#endif /* QAK */
    chunk_addr=H5D_istore_get_addr(io_info, &udata);
#ifdef QAK
HDfprintf(stderr,"%s: chunk_addr=%a, chunk_size=%Zu\n",FUNC,chunk_addr,dset->shared->layout.u.chunk.size);
HDfprintf(stderr,"%s: chunk_len_arr[%Zu]=%Zu\n",FUNC,*chunk_curr_seq,chunk_len_arr[*chunk_curr_seq]);
HDfprintf(stderr,"%s: chunk_offset_arr[%Zu]=%Hu\n",FUNC,*chunk_curr_seq,chunk_offset_arr[*chunk_curr_seq]);
HDfprintf(stderr,"%s: mem_len_arr[%Zu]=%Zu\n",FUNC,*mem_curr_seq,mem_len_arr[*mem_curr_seq]);
HDfprintf(stderr,"%s: mem_offset_arr[%Zu]=%Hu\n",FUNC,*mem_curr_seq,mem_offset_arr[*mem_curr_seq]);
#endif /* QAK */

    /*
     * If the chunk is too large to load into the cache and it has no
     * filters in the pipeline (i.e. not compressed) and if the address
     * for the chunk has been defined, then don't load the chunk into the
     * cache, just write the data to it directly.
     *
     * If MPI based VFD is used, must bypass the
     * chunk-cache scheme because other MPI processes could be
     * writing to other elements in the same chunk.  Do a direct
     * write-through of only the elements requested.
     */
#ifdef H5_HAVE_PARALLEL
    /* Additional sanity checks when operating in parallel */
    if(IS_H5FD_MPI(dset->ent.file)) {
        if (chunk_addr==HADDR_UNDEF)
            HGOTO_ERROR (H5E_IO, H5E_WRITEERROR, FAIL, "unable to locate raw data chunk")
        if (dset->shared->dcpl_cache.pline.nused>0)
            HGOTO_ERROR (H5E_IO, H5E_WRITEERROR, FAIL, "cannot write to chunked storage with filters in parallel")
    } /* end if */
#endif /* H5_HAVE_PARALLEL */

    if (dset->shared->dcpl_cache.pline.nused==0 && ((dset->shared->layout.u.chunk.size>dset->shared->cache.chunk.nbytes && chunk_addr!=HADDR_UNDEF)
            || (IS_H5FD_MPI(dset->ent.file) && (H5F_ACC_RDWR & H5F_get_intent(dset->ent.file))))) {
        H5D_io_info_t chk_io_info;      /* Temporary I/O info object */
        H5D_storage_t chk_store;        /* Chunk storage information */

        /* Set up the storage information for the chunk */
        chk_store.contig.dset_addr=chunk_addr;
        chk_store.contig.dset_size=(hsize_t)dset->shared->layout.u.chunk.size;

        /* Set up new dataset I/O info */
        H5D_BUILD_IO_INFO(&chk_io_info,dset,io_info->dxpl_cache,io_info->dxpl_id,&chk_store);

        /* Do I/O directly on chunk without reading it into the cache */
        if ((ret_value=H5D_contig_writevv(&chk_io_info, chunk_max_nseq, chunk_curr_seq, chunk_len_arr, chunk_offset_arr, mem_max_nseq, mem_curr_seq, mem_len_arr, mem_offset_arr, buf))<0)
            HGOTO_ERROR (H5E_IO, H5E_WRITEERROR, FAIL, "unable to write raw data to file")
    } /* end if */
    else {
        uint8_t         *chunk;         /* Pointer to cached chunk in memory */
        unsigned        idx_hint=0;     /* Cache index hint      */
        ssize_t         naccessed;      /* Number of bytes accessed in chunk */
        size_t          total_bytes;    /* Total # of bytes accessed on disk & memory */
        hbool_t         relax;          /* Whether whole chunk is selected */

        /*
         * Lock the chunk, copy from application to chunk, then unlock the
         * chunk.
         */
#ifdef OLD_WAY
/* Note that this is technically OK, since eventually all the data in the chunk
 * will be overwritten.  However, it seems risky and a better approach would
 * be to lock the chunk in the dataset I/O routine (setting the relax flag
 * appropriately) and then unlock it after all the I/O the chunk was finished. -QAK
 */
        if(chunk_max_nseq==1 && chunk_len_arr[0] == dset->shared->layout.u.chunk.size)
            relax = TRUE;
        else
            relax = FALSE;
#else /* OLD_WAY */
        relax=TRUE;
        total_bytes=0;
        for(u=*chunk_curr_seq; u<chunk_max_nseq; u++)
            total_bytes+=chunk_len_arr[u];
        if(total_bytes!=dset->shared->layout.u.chunk.size)
            relax=FALSE;
        if(relax) {
            total_bytes=0;
            for(u=*mem_curr_seq; u<mem_max_nseq; u++)
                total_bytes+=mem_len_arr[u];
            if(total_bytes!=dset->shared->layout.u.chunk.size)
                relax=FALSE;
        } /* end if */
#endif /* OLD_WAY */

        if (NULL==(chunk=H5D_istore_lock(io_info, &udata, relax, &idx_hint)))
            HGOTO_ERROR (H5E_IO, H5E_WRITEERROR, FAIL, "unable to read raw data chunk")

        /* Use the vectorized memory copy routine to do actual work */
        if((naccessed=H5V_memcpyvv(chunk,chunk_max_nseq,chunk_curr_seq,chunk_len_arr,chunk_offset_arr,buf,mem_max_nseq,mem_curr_seq,mem_len_arr,mem_offset_arr))<0)
            HGOTO_ERROR(H5E_IO, H5E_WRITEERROR, FAIL, "vectorized memcpy failed")

        H5_CHECK_OVERFLOW(naccessed,ssize_t,size_t);
        if (H5D_istore_unlock(io_info, TRUE, idx_hint, chunk, (size_t)naccessed)<0)
            HGOTO_ERROR (H5E_IO, H5E_WRITEERROR, FAIL, "uanble to unlock raw data chunk")

        /* Set return value */
        ret_value=naccessed;
    } /* end else */

done:
    FUNC_LEAVE_NOAPI(ret_value)
} /* H5D_istore_writevv() */


/*-------------------------------------------------------------------------
 * Function:  H5D_istore_create
 *
 * Purpose:  Creates a new indexed-storage B-tree and initializes the
 *    istore struct with information about the storage.  The
 *    struct should be immediately written to the object header.
 *
 *    This function must be called before passing ISTORE to any of
 *    the other indexed storage functions!
 *
 * Return:  Non-negative on success (with the ISTORE argument initialized
 *    and ready to write to an object header). Negative on failure.
 *
 * Programmer:  Robb Matzke
 *    Tuesday, October 21, 1997
 *
 * Modifications:
 *
 *-------------------------------------------------------------------------
 */
herr_t
H5D_istore_create(H5F_t *f, hid_t dxpl_id, H5O_layout_t *layout /*out */ )
{
    H5D_istore_ud1_t  udata;
#ifndef NDEBUG
    unsigned      u;
#endif
    herr_t      ret_value=SUCCEED;       /* Return value */

    FUNC_ENTER_NOAPI(H5D_istore_create, FAIL)

    /* Check args */
    assert(f);
    assert(layout && H5D_CHUNKED == layout->type);
    assert(layout->u.chunk.ndims > 0 && layout->u.chunk.ndims <= H5O_LAYOUT_NDIMS);
#ifndef NDEBUG
    for (u = 0; u < layout->u.chunk.ndims; u++)
  assert(layout->u.chunk.dim[u] > 0);
#endif

    /* Initialize "user" data for B-tree callbacks, etc. */
    udata.mesg = layout;

    if (H5B_create(f, dxpl_id, H5B_ISTORE, &udata, &(layout->u.chunk.addr)/*out*/) < 0)
  HGOTO_ERROR(H5E_IO, H5E_CANTINIT, FAIL, "can't create B-tree")

done:
    FUNC_LEAVE_NOAPI(ret_value)
} /* end H5D_istore_create() */


/*-------------------------------------------------------------------------
 * Function:  H5D_istore_allocated
 *
 * Purpose:  Return the number of bytes allocated in the file for storage
 *    of raw data under the specified B-tree (ADDR is the address
 *    of the B-tree).
 *
 * Return:  Success:  Number of bytes stored in all chunks.
 *
 *    Failure:  0
 *
 * Programmer:  Robb Matzke
 *              Wednesday, April 21, 1999
 *
 * Modifications:
 *    Robb Matzke, 1999-07-28
 *    The ADDR argument is passed by value.
 *-------------------------------------------------------------------------
 */
hsize_t
H5D_istore_allocated(H5D_t *dset, hid_t dxpl_id)
{
    H5D_io_info_t io_info;              /* Temporary I/O info object */
    const H5D_rdcc_t   *rdcc = &(dset->shared->cache.chunk);  /*raw data chunk cache */
    H5D_rdcc_ent_t     *ent;    /*cache entry  */
    H5D_dxpl_cache_t _dxpl_cache;       /* Data transfer property cache buffer */
    H5D_dxpl_cache_t *dxpl_cache=&_dxpl_cache;   /* Data transfer property cache */
    H5D_istore_ud1_t  udata;
    hsize_t      ret_value;       /* Return value */

    FUNC_ENTER_NOAPI(H5D_istore_allocated, 0)

    assert(dset);

    /* Fill the DXPL cache values for later use */
    if (H5D_get_dxpl_cache(dxpl_id,&dxpl_cache)<0)
        HGOTO_ERROR(H5E_DATASET, H5E_CANTGET, 0, "can't fill dxpl cache")

    /* Construct dataset I/O info */
    H5D_BUILD_IO_INFO(&io_info,dset,dxpl_cache,dxpl_id,NULL);

    /* Search for cached chunks that haven't been written out */
    for(ent = rdcc->head; ent; ent = ent->next) {
        /* Flush the chunk out to disk, to make certain the size is correct later */
        if (H5D_istore_flush_entry(&io_info, ent, FALSE)<0)
            HGOTO_ERROR(H5E_IO, H5E_WRITEERROR, 0, "cannot flush indexed storage buffer")
    } /* end for */

    HDmemset(&udata, 0, sizeof udata);
    udata.mesg = &dset->shared->layout;
    if (H5B_iterate(dset->ent.file, dxpl_id, H5B_ISTORE, H5D_istore_iter_allocated, dset->shared->layout.u.chunk.addr, &udata)<0)
        HGOTO_ERROR(H5E_IO, H5E_CANTINIT, 0, "unable to iterate over chunk B-tree")

    /* Set return value */
    ret_value=udata.total_storage;

done:
    FUNC_LEAVE_NOAPI(ret_value)
} /* end H5D_istore_allocated() */


/*-------------------------------------------------------------------------
 * Function:  H5D_istore_get_addr
 *
 * Purpose:  Get the file address of a chunk if file space has been
 *    assigned.  Save the retrieved information in the udata
 *    supplied.
 *
 * Return:  Non-negative on success/Negative on failure
 *
 * Programmer:  Albert Cheng
 *              June 27, 1998
 *
 * Modifications:
 *              Modified to return the address instead of returning it through
 *              a parameter - QAK, 1/30/02
 *
 *-------------------------------------------------------------------------
 */
haddr_t
H5D_istore_get_addr(const H5D_io_info_t *io_info, H5D_istore_ud1_t *_udata)
{
    H5D_istore_ud1_t  tmp_udata;      /* Information about a chunk */
    H5D_istore_ud1_t  *udata;         /* Pointer to information about a chunk */
    unsigned  u;
    haddr_t  ret_value;    /* Return value */

    FUNC_ENTER_NOAPI_NOINIT_NOFUNC(H5D_istore_get_addr)

    assert(io_info);
    assert(io_info->dset);
    assert(io_info->dset->shared->layout.u.chunk.ndims > 0);
    assert(io_info->store->chunk.offset);

    /* Check for udata struct to return */
    udata = (_udata!=NULL ? _udata : &tmp_udata);

    /* Initialize the information about the chunk we are looking for */
    for (u=0; u<io_info->dset->shared->layout.u.chunk.ndims; u++)
  udata->key.offset[u] = io_info->store->chunk.offset[u];
    udata->mesg = &(io_info->dset->shared->layout);
    udata->addr = HADDR_UNDEF;

    /* Go get the chunk information */
    if (H5B_find (io_info->dset->ent.file, io_info->dxpl_id, H5B_ISTORE, io_info->dset->shared->layout.u.chunk.addr, udata)<0) {
        /* Note: don't push error on stack, leave that to next higher level,
         *      since many times the B-tree is searched in order to determine
         *      if a chunk exists in the B-tree or not. -QAK
         */
#ifdef OLD_WAY
        H5E_clear();

  HGOTO_ERROR(H5E_BTREE,H5E_NOTFOUND,HADDR_UNDEF,"Can't locate chunk info")
#else /* OLD_WAY */
  HGOTO_DONE(HADDR_UNDEF)
#endif /* OLD_WAY */
    } /* end if */

    /* Success!  Set the return value */
    ret_value=udata->addr;

done:
    FUNC_LEAVE_NOAPI(ret_value)
} /* H5D_istore_get_addr() */


/*-------------------------------------------------------------------------
 * Function:  H5D_istore_chunk_alloc
 *
 * Purpose:  Allocate space for a chunk in memory.  This routine allocates
 *              memory space for non-filtered chunks from a block free list
 *              and uses malloc()/free() for filtered chunks.
 *
 * Return:  Pointer to memory for chunk on success/NULL on failure
 *
 * Programmer:  Quincey Koziol
 *              April 22, 2004
 *
 * Modifications:
 *
 *-------------------------------------------------------------------------
 */
static void *
H5D_istore_chunk_alloc(size_t size, const H5O_pline_t *pline)
{
    void *ret_value=NULL;    /* Return value */

    FUNC_ENTER_NOAPI_NOINIT_NOFUNC(H5D_istore_chunk_alloc)

    assert(size);
    assert(pline);

    if(pline->nused>0)
        ret_value=H5MM_malloc(size);
    else
        ret_value=H5FL_BLK_MALLOC(chunk,size);

    FUNC_LEAVE_NOAPI(ret_value)
} /* H5D_istore_chunk_alloc() */


/*-------------------------------------------------------------------------
 * Function:  H5D_istore_chunk_xfree
 *
 * Purpose:  Free space for a chunk in memory.  This routine allocates
 *              memory space for non-filtered chunks from a block free list
 *              and uses malloc()/free() for filtered chunks.
 *
 * Return:  NULL (never fails)
 *
 * Programmer:  Quincey Koziol
 *              April 22, 2004
 *
 * Modifications:
 *
 *-------------------------------------------------------------------------
 */
static void *
H5D_istore_chunk_xfree(void *chk, const H5O_pline_t *pline)
{
    FUNC_ENTER_NOAPI_NOINIT_NOFUNC(H5D_istore_chunk_xfree)

    assert(pline);

    if(chk) {
        if(pline->nused>0)
            H5MM_xfree(chk);
        else
            H5FL_BLK_FREE(chunk,chk);
    } /* end if */

    FUNC_LEAVE_NOAPI(NULL)
} /* H5D_istore_chunk_xfree() */


/*-------------------------------------------------------------------------
 * Function:  H5D_istore_allocate
 *
 * Purpose:  Allocate file space for all chunks that are not allocated yet.
 *    Return SUCCEED if all needed allocation succeed, otherwise
 *    FAIL.
 *
 * Return:  Non-negative on success/Negative on failure
 *
 * Note:  Current implementation relies on cache_size being 0,
 *    thus no chunk is cashed and written to disk immediately
 *    when a chunk is unlocked (via H5F_istore_unlock)
 *    This should be changed to do a direct flush independent
 *    of the cache value.
 *
 *              This routine might be called before the dcpl_cache is set up
 *              correctly, so don't use those values.
 *
 * Programmer:  Albert Cheng
 *    June 26, 1998
 *
 * Modifications:
 *    rky, 1998-09-23
 *    Added barrier to preclude racing with data writes.
 *
 *    rky, 1998-12-07
 *    Added Wait-Signal wrapper around unlock-lock critical region
 *    to prevent race condition (unlock reads, lock writes the
 *    chunk).
 *
 *     Robb Matzke, 1999-08-02
 *    The split_ratios are passed in as part of the data transfer
 *    property list.
 *
 *     Quincey Koziol, 2002-05-16
 *    Rewrote algorithm to allocate & write blocks without using
 *              lock/unlock code.
 *
 *     Quincey Koziol, 2002-05-17
 *    Added feature to avoid writing fill-values if user has indicated
 *              that they should never be written.
 *-------------------------------------------------------------------------
 */
herr_t
H5D_istore_allocate(H5D_t *dset, hid_t dxpl_id, hbool_t full_overwrite)
{
    H5D_io_info_t io_info;      /* Dataset I/O info */
    H5D_storage_t store;        /* Dataset storage information */
    hsize_t  chunk_offset[H5O_LAYOUT_NDIMS]; /* Offset of current chunk */
    hsize_t  chunk_size;     /* Size of chunk in bytes */
    unsigned filter_mask=0;     /* Filter mask for chunks that have them */
    H5O_pline_t pline;          /* I/O pipeline information */
    hbool_t     pline_initialized=FALSE;        /* Flag to indicate that pline has valid info */
    H5O_fill_t fill;            /* Fill value information */
    H5D_fill_time_t fill_time;  /* When to write fill values */
    H5D_fill_value_t fill_status;    /* The fill value status */
    unsigned   should_fill=0;   /* Whether fill values should be written */
    H5D_istore_ud1_t udata;  /* B-tree pass-through for creating chunk */
    void *chunk=NULL;           /* Chunk buffer for writing fill values */
    H5D_dxpl_cache_t _dxpl_cache;       /* Data transfer property cache buffer */
    H5D_dxpl_cache_t *dxpl_cache=&_dxpl_cache;   /* Data transfer property cache */
#ifdef H5_HAVE_PARALLEL
    MPI_Comm  mpi_comm=MPI_COMM_NULL;  /* MPI communicator for file */
    int         mpi_rank=(-1);  /* This process's rank  */
    int         mpi_code;       /* MPI return code */
    unsigned    blocks_written=0; /* Flag to indicate that chunk was actually written */
    unsigned    using_mpi=0;    /* Flag to indicate that the file is being accessed with an MPI-capable file driver */
#endif /* H5_HAVE_PARALLEL */
    int    carry;          /* Flag to indicate that chunk increment carrys to higher dimension (sorta) */
    unsigned  chunk_exists;   /* Flag to indicate whether a chunk exists already */
    int    i;              /* Local index variable */
    unsigned  u;              /* Local index variable */
    H5P_genplist_t *dc_plist;       /* Property list */
    int         space_ndims;    /* Dataset's space rank */
    hsize_t     space_dim[H5O_LAYOUT_NDIMS];    /* Dataset's dataspace dimensions */
    herr_t  ret_value=SUCCEED;  /* Return value */

    FUNC_ENTER_NOAPI(H5D_istore_allocate, FAIL)

    /* Check args */
    assert(dset && H5D_CHUNKED==dset->shared->layout.type);
    assert(dset->shared->layout.u.chunk.ndims>0 && dset->shared->layout.u.chunk.ndims<=H5O_LAYOUT_NDIMS);
    assert(H5F_addr_defined(dset->shared->layout.u.chunk.addr));
    assert(TRUE==H5P_isa_class(dxpl_id,H5P_DATASET_XFER));

    /* Get dataset's creation property list */
    if (NULL == (dc_plist = H5I_object(dset->shared->dcpl_id)))
        HGOTO_ERROR(H5E_ARGS, H5E_BADTYPE, FAIL, "not a dataset creation property list")

    /* We only handle simple data spaces so far */
    if ((space_ndims=H5S_get_simple_extent_dims(dset->shared->space, space_dim, NULL))<0)
         HGOTO_ERROR(H5E_DATASET, H5E_CANTINIT, FAIL, "unable to get simple data space info")
    space_dim[space_ndims] = dset->shared->layout.u.chunk.dim[space_ndims];

    /* Get necessary properties from dataset creation property list */
    if(H5P_get(dc_plist, H5D_CRT_FILL_VALUE_NAME, &fill) < 0)
        HGOTO_ERROR(H5E_STORAGE, H5E_CANTGET, FAIL, "can't get fill value")
    if(H5P_get(dc_plist, H5D_CRT_DATA_PIPELINE_NAME, &pline) < 0)
        HGOTO_ERROR(H5E_STORAGE, H5E_CANTGET, FAIL, "can't get data pipeline")
    pline_initialized=TRUE;
    if(H5P_get(dc_plist, H5D_CRT_FILL_TIME_NAME, &fill_time) < 0)
        HGOTO_ERROR(H5E_PLIST, H5E_CANTGET, FAIL, "can't retrieve fill time")

    /* Fill the DXPL cache values for later use */
    if (H5D_get_dxpl_cache(dxpl_id,&dxpl_cache)<0)
        HGOTO_ERROR(H5E_DATASET, H5E_CANTGET, FAIL, "can't fill dxpl cache")

#ifdef H5_HAVE_PARALLEL
    /* Retrieve MPI parameters */
    if(IS_H5FD_MPI(dset->ent.file)) {
        /* Get the MPI communicator */
        if (MPI_COMM_NULL == (mpi_comm=H5F_mpi_get_comm(dset->ent.file)))
            HGOTO_ERROR(H5E_INTERNAL, H5E_MPI, FAIL, "Can't retrieve MPI communicator")

        /* Get the MPI rank */
        if ((mpi_rank=H5F_mpi_get_rank(dset->ent.file))<0)
            HGOTO_ERROR(H5E_INTERNAL, H5E_MPI, FAIL, "Can't retrieve MPI rank")

        /* Set the MPI-capable file driver flag */
        using_mpi=1;
    } /* end if */
#endif  /* H5_HAVE_PARALLEL */

    /*
     * Setup indice to go through all chunks. (Future improvement
     * should allocate only chunks that have no file space assigned yet.
     */
    for (u=0; u<dset->shared->layout.u.chunk.ndims; u++)
        chunk_offset[u] = 0;
    chunk_size = dset->shared->layout.u.chunk.size;

    /* Check the dataset's fill-value status */
    if (H5P_is_fill_value_defined(&fill, &fill_status) < 0)
        HGOTO_ERROR(H5E_PLIST, H5E_CANTGET, FAIL, "can't tell if fill value defined")

    /* If we are filling the dataset on allocation or "if set" and
     * the fill value _is_ set, _and_ we are not overwriting the new blocks,
     * or if there are any pipeline filters defined,
     * set the "should fill" flag
     */
    if((!full_overwrite && (fill_time==H5D_FILL_TIME_ALLOC ||
            (fill_time==H5D_FILL_TIME_IFSET && fill_status==H5D_FILL_VALUE_USER_DEFINED)))
            || pline.nused>0)
        should_fill=1;

    /* Check if fill values should be written to blocks */
    if(should_fill) {
        /* Allocate chunk buffer for processes to use when writing fill values */
        H5_CHECK_OVERFLOW(chunk_size,hsize_t,size_t);
        if (NULL==(chunk = H5D_istore_chunk_alloc((size_t)chunk_size,&pline)))
            HGOTO_ERROR(H5E_RESOURCE, H5E_NOSPACE, FAIL, "memory allocation failed for chunk")

        /* Fill the chunk with the proper values */
        if(fill.buf) {
            /*
             * Replicate the fill value throughout the chunk.
             */
            assert(0==chunk_size % fill.size);
            H5V_array_fill(chunk, fill.buf, fill.size, (size_t)chunk_size/fill.size);
        } else {
            /*
             * No fill value was specified, assume all zeros.
             */
            HDmemset (chunk, 0, (size_t)chunk_size);
        } /* end else */

        /* Check if there are filters which need to be applied to the chunk */
        if (pline.nused>0) {
            size_t buf_size=(size_t)chunk_size;
            size_t nbytes=(size_t)chunk_size;

            /* Push the chunk through the filters */
            if (H5Z_pipeline(&pline, 0, &filter_mask, dxpl_cache->err_detect, dxpl_cache->filter_cb, &nbytes, &buf_size, &chunk)<0)
                HGOTO_ERROR(H5E_PLINE, H5E_WRITEERROR, FAIL, "output pipeline failed")

            /* Keep the number of bytes the chunk turned in to */
            chunk_size=nbytes;
        } /* end if */
    } /* end if */

    /* Set up dataset I/O info */
    store.chunk.offset=chunk_offset;
    H5D_BUILD_IO_INFO(&io_info,dset,dxpl_cache,dxpl_id,&store);

    /* Loop over all chunks */
    carry=0;
    while (carry==0) {
        /* Check if the chunk exists yet on disk */
        chunk_exists=1;
        if(H5D_istore_get_addr(&io_info,NULL)==HADDR_UNDEF) {
            const H5D_rdcc_t       *rdcc = &(dset->shared->cache.chunk);  /*raw data chunk cache */
            H5D_rdcc_ent_t         *ent = NULL;                /*cache entry  */

            /* Didn't find the chunk on disk */
            chunk_exists = 0;

            /* Look for chunk in cache */
            for(ent = rdcc->head; ent && !chunk_exists; ent = ent->next) {
                /* Assume a match */
                chunk_exists = 1;
                for(u = 0; u < dset->shared->layout.u.chunk.ndims && chunk_exists; u++) {
                    if(ent->offset[u] != chunk_offset[u])
                        chunk_exists = 0;       /* Reset if no match */
                } /* end for */
            } /* end for */
        } /* end if */

        if(!chunk_exists) {
            /* Initialize the chunk information */
            udata.mesg = &dset->shared->layout;
            udata.key.filter_mask = filter_mask;
            udata.addr = HADDR_UNDEF;
            H5_CHECK_OVERFLOW(chunk_size,hsize_t,size_t);
            udata.key.nbytes = (size_t)chunk_size;
            for (u=0; u<dset->shared->layout.u.chunk.ndims; u++)
                udata.key.offset[u] = chunk_offset[u];

            /* Allocate the chunk with all processes */
            if (H5B_insert(dset->ent.file, dxpl_id, H5B_ISTORE, dset->shared->layout.u.chunk.addr, &udata)<0)
                HGOTO_ERROR(H5E_IO, H5E_WRITEERROR, FAIL, "unable to allocate chunk")

            /* Check if fill values should be written to blocks */
            if(should_fill) {
#ifdef H5_HAVE_PARALLEL
                /* Check if this file is accessed with an MPI-capable file driver */
                if(using_mpi) {
                    /* Write the chunks out from only one process */
                    /* !! Use the internal "independent" DXPL!! -QAK */
                    if(H5_PAR_META_WRITE==mpi_rank) {
                        if (H5F_block_write(dset->ent.file, H5FD_MEM_DRAW, udata.addr, udata.key.nbytes, H5AC_ind_dxpl_id, chunk)<0)
                            HGOTO_ERROR(H5E_IO, H5E_WRITEERROR, FAIL, "unable to write raw data to file")
                    } /* end if */

                    /* Indicate that blocks are being written */
                    blocks_written=1;
                } /* end if */
                else {
#endif /* H5_HAVE_PARALLEL */
                    if (H5F_block_write(dset->ent.file, H5FD_MEM_DRAW, udata.addr, udata.key.nbytes, dxpl_id, chunk)<0)
                        HGOTO_ERROR(H5E_IO, H5E_WRITEERROR, FAIL, "unable to write raw data to file")
#ifdef H5_HAVE_PARALLEL
                } /* end else */
#endif /* H5_HAVE_PARALLEL */
            } /* end if */
        } /* end if */

        /* Increment indices */
        for (i=(int)dset->shared->layout.u.chunk.ndims-1, carry=1; i>=0 && carry; --i) {
            chunk_offset[i] += dset->shared->layout.u.chunk.dim[i];
            if (chunk_offset[i] >= space_dim[i])
                chunk_offset[i] = 0;
            else
                carry = 0;
        } /* end for */
    } /* end while */

#ifdef H5_HAVE_PARALLEL
    /* Only need to block at the barrier if we actually allocated a chunk */
    /* And if we are using an MPI-capable file driver */
    if(using_mpi && blocks_written) {
        /* Wait at barrier to avoid race conditions where some processes are
         * still writing out chunks and other processes race ahead to read
         * them in, getting bogus data.
         */
        if (MPI_SUCCESS != (mpi_code=MPI_Barrier(mpi_comm)))
            HMPI_GOTO_ERROR(FAIL, "MPI_Barrier failed", mpi_code);
    } /* end if */
#endif /* H5_HAVE_PARALLEL */

done:
    /* Free the chunk for fill values */
    if(chunk!=NULL && pline_initialized)
        chunk=H5D_istore_chunk_xfree(chunk,&pline);

    FUNC_LEAVE_NOAPI(ret_value)
} /* end H5D_istore_allocate() */


/*-------------------------------------------------------------------------
 * Function: H5D_istore_prune_by_extent
 *
 * Purpose: This function searches for chunks that are no longer necessary both in the
 *  raw data cache and in the B-tree.
 *
 * Return: Success: 0, Failure: -1
 *
 * Programmer: Pedro Vicente, pvn@ncsa.uiuc.edu
 * Algorithm: Robb Matzke
 *
 * Date: March 27, 2002
 *
 * The algorithm is:
 *
 *  For chunks that are no longer necessary:
 *
 *  1. Search in the raw data cache for each chunk
 *  2. If found then preempt it from the cache
 *  3. Search in the B-tree for each chunk
 *  4. If found then remove it from the B-tree and deallocate file storage for the chunk
 *
 * This example shows a 2d dataset of 90x90 with a chunk size of 20x20.
 *
 *
 *     0         20        40        60        80    90   100
 *    0 +---------+---------+---------+---------+-----+...+
 *      |:::::X::::::::::::::         :         :     |   :
 *      |:::::::X::::::::::::         :         :     |   :   Key
 *      |::::::::::X:::::::::         :         :     |   :   --------
 *      |::::::::::::X:::::::         :         :     |   :  +-+ Dataset
 *    20+::::::::::::::::::::.........:.........:.....+...:  | | Extent
 *      |         :::::X:::::         :         :     |   :  +-+
 *      |         :::::::::::         :         :     |   :
 *      |         :::::::::::         :         :     |   :  ... Chunk
 *      |         :::::::X:::         :         :     |   :  : : Boundary
 *    40+.........:::::::::::.........:.........:.....+...:  :.:
 *      |         :         :         :         :     |   :
 *      |         :         :         :         :     |   :  ... Allocated
 *      |         :         :         :         :     |   :  ::: & Filled
 *      |         :         :         :         :     |   :  ::: Chunk
 *    60+.........:.........:.........:.........:.....+...:
 *      |         :         :::::::X:::         :     |   :   X  Element
 *      |         :         :::::::::::         :     |   :      Written
 *      |         :         :::::::::::         :     |   :
 *      |         :         :::::::::::         :     |   :
 *    80+.........:.........:::::::::::.........:.....+...:   O  Fill Val
 *      |         :         :         :::::::::::     |   :      Explicitly
 *      |         :         :         ::::::X::::     |   :      Written
 *    90+---------+---------+---------+---------+-----+   :
 *      :         :         :         :::::::::::         :
 *   100:.........:.........:.........:::::::::::.........:
 *
 *
 * We have 25 total chunks for this dataset, 5 of which have space
 * allocated in the file because they were written to one or more
 * elements. These five chunks (and only these five) also have entries in
 * the storage B-tree for this dataset.
 *
 * Now lets say we want to shrink the dataset down to 70x70:
 *
 *
 *      0         20        40        60   70   80    90   100
 *    0 +---------+---------+---------+----+----+-----+...+
 *      |:::::X::::::::::::::         :    |    :     |   :
 *      |:::::::X::::::::::::         :    |    :     |   :    Key
 *      |::::::::::X:::::::::         :    |    :     |   :    --------
 *      |::::::::::::X:::::::         :    |    :     |   :   +-+ Dataset
 *    20+::::::::::::::::::::.........:....+....:.....|...:   | | Extent
 *      |         :::::X:::::         :    |    :     |   :   +-+
 *      |         :::::::::::         :    |    :     |   :
 *      |         :::::::::::         :    |    :     |   :   ... Chunk
 *      |         :::::::X:::         :    |    :     |   :   : : Boundary
 *    40+.........:::::::::::.........:....+....:.....|...:   :.:
 *      |         :         :         :    |    :     |   :
 *      |         :         :         :    |    :     |   :   ... Allocated
 *      |         :         :         :    |    :     |   :   ::: & Filled
 *      |         :         :         :    |    :     |   :   ::: Chunk
 *    60+.........:.........:.........:....+....:.....|...:
 *      |         :         :::::::X:::    |    :     |   :    X  Element
 *      |         :         :::::::::::    |    :     |   :       Written
 *      +---------+---------+---------+----+    :     |   :
 *      |         :         :::::::::::         :     |   :
 *    80+.........:.........:::::::::X:.........:.....|...:    O  Fill Val
 *      |         :         :         :::::::::::     |   :       Explicitly
 *      |         :         :         ::::::X::::     |   :       Written
 *    90+---------+---------+---------+---------+-----+   :
 *      :         :         :         :::::::::::         :
 *   100:.........:.........:.........:::::::::::.........:
 *
 *
 * That means that the nine chunks along the bottom and right side should
 * no longer exist. Of those nine chunks, (0,80), (20,80), (40,80),
 * (60,80), (80,80), (80,60), (80,40), (80,20), and (80,0), one is actually allocated
 * that needs to be released.
 * To release the chunks, we traverse the B-tree to obtain a list of unused
 * allocated chunks, and then call H5B_remove() for each chunk.
 *
 *-------------------------------------------------------------------------
 */
herr_t
H5D_istore_prune_by_extent(const H5D_io_info_t *io_info)
{
    H5D_t *dset=io_info->dset;          /* Local pointer to the dataset info */
    const H5D_rdcc_t       *rdcc = &(dset->shared->cache.chunk);  /*raw data chunk cache */
    H5D_rdcc_ent_t         *ent = NULL, *next = NULL;  /*cache entry  */
    unsigned                u;  /*counters  */
    int                     found;  /*remove this entry  */
    H5D_istore_ud1_t        udata;  /*B-tree pass-through */
    hsize_t                 curr_dims[H5O_LAYOUT_NDIMS];  /*current dataspace dimensions */
    herr_t      ret_value=SUCCEED;       /* Return value */

    FUNC_ENTER_NOAPI(H5D_istore_prune_by_extent, FAIL)

    /* Check args */
    assert(io_info);
    assert(dset && H5D_CHUNKED == dset->shared->layout.type);
    assert(dset->shared->layout.u.chunk.ndims > 0 && dset->shared->layout.u.chunk.ndims <= H5O_LAYOUT_NDIMS);
    assert(H5F_addr_defined(dset->shared->layout.u.chunk.addr));

    /* Go get the rank & dimensions */
    if(H5S_get_simple_extent_dims(dset->shared->space, curr_dims, NULL) < 0)
  HGOTO_ERROR(H5E_DATASET, H5E_CANTGET, FAIL, "can't get dataset dimensions")

 /*-------------------------------------------------------------------------
  * Figure out what chunks are no longer in use for the specified extent
  * and release them from the linked list raw data cache
  *-------------------------------------------------------------------------
  */
    found = 0;
    for(ent = rdcc->head; ent; ent = next) {
  next = ent->next;

        for(u = 0; u < dset->shared->layout.u.chunk.ndims - 1; u++) {
            if((hsize_t)ent->offset[u] > curr_dims[u]) {
                found = 1;
                break;
            } /* end if */
        } /* end for */

  if(found) {
#ifdef H5D_ISTORE_DEBUG
      HDfputs("cache:remove:[", stderr);
      for(u = 0; u < dset->shared->layout.u.chunk.ndims - 1; u++)
    HDfprintf(stderr, "%s%Hd", u ? ", " : "", ent->offset[u]);
      HDfputs("]\n", stderr);
#endif

      /* Preempt the entry from the cache, but do not flush it to disk */
      if(H5D_istore_preempt(io_info, ent, FALSE) < 0)
    HGOTO_ERROR(H5E_IO, H5E_CANTINIT, 0, "unable to preempt chunk")

            found=0;
  }
    }

/*-------------------------------------------------------------------------
 * Check if there are any chunks on the B-tree
 *-------------------------------------------------------------------------
 */

    HDmemset(&udata, 0, sizeof udata);
    udata.stream = stdout;
    udata.mesg = &dset->shared->layout;
    udata.dims = curr_dims;

    if(H5B_iterate(dset->ent.file, io_info->dxpl_id, H5B_ISTORE, H5D_istore_prune_extent, dset->shared->layout.u.chunk.addr, &udata) < 0)
  HGOTO_ERROR(H5E_IO, H5E_CANTINIT, 0, "unable to iterate over B-tree")

done:
    FUNC_LEAVE_NOAPI(ret_value)
} /* end H5D_istore_prune_by_extent() */


/*-------------------------------------------------------------------------
 * Function: H5D_istore_prune_extent
 *
 * Purpose: Search for chunks that are no longer necessary in the B-tree.
 *
 * Return: Success: 0, Failure: -1
 *
 * Programmer: Pedro Vicente, pvn@ncsa.uiuc.edu
 *
 * Date: March 26, 2002
 *
 * Comments: Called by H5D_prune_by_extent
 *
 * Modifications:
 *
 *-------------------------------------------------------------------------
 */
/* ARGSUSED */
static int
H5D_istore_prune_extent(H5F_t *f, hid_t dxpl_id, const void *_lt_key, haddr_t UNUSED addr,
        const void UNUSED *_rt_key, void *_udata)
{
    H5D_istore_ud1_t       *bt_udata = (H5D_istore_ud1_t *)_udata;
    const H5D_istore_key_t       *lt_key = (const H5D_istore_key_t *)_lt_key;
    unsigned                u;
    H5D_istore_ud1_t        udata;
    int                     ret_value=H5B_ITER_CONT;       /* Return value */

    /* The LT_KEY is the left key (the one that describes the chunk). It points to a chunk of
     * storage that contains the beginning of the logical address space represented by UDATA.
     */

    FUNC_ENTER_NOAPI_NOINIT(H5D_istore_prune_extent)

    /* Figure out what chunks are no longer in use for the specified extent and release them */
    for(u = 0; u < bt_udata->mesg->u.chunk.ndims - 1; u++)
  if((hsize_t)lt_key->offset[u] > bt_udata->dims[u]) {
#ifdef H5D_ISTORE_DEBUG
            HDfputs("b-tree:remove:[", bt_udata->stream);
            for(u = 0; u < bt_udata->mesg->u.chunk.ndims - 1; u++)
                HDfprintf(bt_udata->stream, "%s%Hd", u ? ", " : "", lt_key->offset[u]);
            HDfputs("]\n", bt_udata->stream);
#endif

            HDmemset(&udata, 0, sizeof udata);
            udata.key = *lt_key;
            udata.mesg = bt_udata->mesg;

            /* Remove */
            if(H5B_remove(f, dxpl_id, H5B_ISTORE, bt_udata->mesg->u.chunk.addr, &udata) < 0)
                HGOTO_ERROR(H5E_SYM, H5E_CANTINIT, H5B_ITER_ERROR, "unable to remove entry")
      break;
  } /* end if */

done:
    FUNC_LEAVE_NOAPI(ret_value)
} /* end H5D_istore_prune_extent() */


/*-------------------------------------------------------------------------
 * Function: H5D_istore_remove
 *
 * Purpose: Removes chunks that are no longer necessary in the B-tree.
 *
 * Return: Success: 0, Failure: -1
 *
 * Programmer: Robb Matzke
 *             Pedro Vicente, pvn@ncsa.uiuc.edu
 *
 * Date: March 28, 2002
 *
 * Comments: Part of H5B_ISTORE
 *
 * Modifications:
 *
 *-------------------------------------------------------------------------
 */
/* ARGSUSED */
static H5B_ins_t
H5D_istore_remove(H5F_t *f, hid_t dxpl_id, haddr_t addr, void *_lt_key /*in,out */ ,
  hbool_t *lt_key_changed /*out */ ,
  void UNUSED * _udata /*in,out */ ,
  void UNUSED * _rt_key /*in,out */ ,
  hbool_t *rt_key_changed /*out */ )
{
    H5D_istore_key_t    *lt_key = (H5D_istore_key_t *)_lt_key;
    H5B_ins_t ret_value=H5B_INS_REMOVE; /* Return value */

    FUNC_ENTER_NOAPI_NOINIT(H5D_istore_remove)

    /* Remove raw data chunk from file */
    if(H5MF_xfree(f, H5FD_MEM_DRAW, dxpl_id, addr, (hsize_t)lt_key->nbytes)<0)
        HGOTO_ERROR(H5E_STORAGE, H5E_CANTFREE, H5B_INS_ERROR, "unable to free chunk")

    /* Mark keys as unchanged */
    *lt_key_changed = FALSE;
    *rt_key_changed = FALSE;

done:
    FUNC_LEAVE_NOAPI(ret_value)
} /* end H5D_istore_remove() */


/*-------------------------------------------------------------------------
 * Function: H5D_istore_initialize_by_extent
 *
 * Purpose:  This function searches for chunks that have to be initialized with the fill
 *   value both in the raw data cache and in the B-tree.
 *
 * Return: Success: 0, Failure: -1
 *
 * Programmer: Pedro Vicente, pvn@ncsa.uiuc.edu
 *
 * Date: April 4, 2002
 *
 * Comments:
 *
 * (See the example of H5D_istore_prune_by_extent)
 * Next, there are seven chunks where the database extent boundary is
 * within the chunk. We find those seven just like we did with the previous nine.
 * Fot the ones that are allocated we initialize the part that lies outside the boundary
 * with the fill value.
 *
 * Modifications:
 *
 *-------------------------------------------------------------------------
 */
herr_t
H5D_istore_initialize_by_extent(H5D_io_info_t *io_info)
{
    const H5O_layout_t *layout=&(io_info->dset->shared->layout); /* Dataset layout */
    uint8_t                *chunk = NULL;  /*the file chunk  */
    unsigned                idx_hint = 0;  /*input value for H5F_istore_lock */
    hsize_t                 chunk_offset[H5O_LAYOUT_NDIMS];  /*logical location of the chunks */
    hsize_t                 idx_cur[H5O_LAYOUT_NDIMS];  /*multi-dimensional counters */
    hsize_t                 idx_max[H5O_LAYOUT_NDIMS];
    hsize_t                 sub_size[H5O_LAYOUT_NDIMS];
    hsize_t                 naccessed;  /*bytes accessed in chunk */
    hsize_t                 end_chunk;  /*chunk position counter */
    hsize_t                start[H5O_LAYOUT_NDIMS];  /*starting location of hyperslab */
    hsize_t                 count[H5O_LAYOUT_NDIMS];  /*element count of hyperslab */
    hsize_t                 size[H5O_LAYOUT_NDIMS];  /*current size of dimensions */
    H5S_t                  *space_chunk = NULL;  /*dataspace for a chunk */
    hsize_t                 chunk_dims[H5O_LAYOUT_NDIMS];  /*current chunk dimensions */
    hsize_t                 curr_dims[H5O_LAYOUT_NDIMS];  /*current dataspace dimensions */
    hsize_t                 chunks[H5O_LAYOUT_NDIMS];          /*current number of chunks in each dimension */
    hsize_t                 down_chunks[H5O_LAYOUT_NDIMS];   /* "down" size of number of elements in each dimension */
    int                     srank;  /*current # of dimensions (signed) */
    unsigned                rank;  /*current # of dimensions */
    int                     i, carry;  /*counters  */
    unsigned                u;
    int                     found = 0;  /*initialize this entry  */
    H5P_genplist_t         *dc_plist;   /* Property list */
    H5O_pline_t             pline;      /* I/O pipeline information */
    H5O_fill_t              fill;       /* Fill value information */
    H5D_fill_time_t         fill_time;  /* Fill time information */
    H5D_storage_t           store;      /* Dataset storage information */
    herr_t              ret_value=SUCCEED;  /* Return value */

    FUNC_ENTER_NOAPI(H5D_istore_initialize_by_extent, FAIL)

    /* Check args */
    assert(io_info);
    assert(io_info->dset && H5D_CHUNKED == layout->type);
    assert(layout->u.chunk.ndims > 0 && layout->u.chunk.ndims <= H5O_LAYOUT_NDIMS);
    assert(H5F_addr_defined(layout->u.chunk.addr));

    /* Get dataset's creation property list */
    if (NULL == (dc_plist = H5I_object(io_info->dset->shared->dcpl_id)))
        HGOTO_ERROR(H5E_ARGS, H5E_BADTYPE, FAIL, "not a dataset creation property list")

    /* Get necessary properties from property list */
    if(H5P_get(dc_plist, H5D_CRT_FILL_VALUE_NAME, &fill) < 0)
        HGOTO_ERROR(H5E_DATASET, H5E_CANTGET, FAIL, "can't get fill value")
    if(H5P_get(dc_plist, H5D_CRT_FILL_TIME_NAME, &fill_time) < 0)
        HGOTO_ERROR(H5E_DATASET, H5E_CANTGET, FAIL, "can't get fill time")
    if(H5P_get(dc_plist, H5D_CRT_DATA_PIPELINE_NAME, &pline) < 0)
        HGOTO_ERROR(H5E_DATASET, H5E_CANTGET, FAIL, "can't get data pipeline")

    /* Reset start & count arrays */
    HDmemset(start, 0, sizeof(start));
    HDmemset(count, 0, sizeof(count));

    /* Go get the rank & dimensions */
    if((srank = H5S_get_simple_extent_dims(io_info->dset->shared->space, curr_dims, NULL)) < 0)
  HGOTO_ERROR(H5E_DATASET, H5E_CANTGET, FAIL, "can't get dataset dimensions");
    H5_ASSIGN_OVERFLOW(rank,srank,int,unsigned);

    /* Copy current dimensions */
    for(u = 0; u < rank; u++) {
  size[u] = curr_dims[u];

        /* Round up to the next integer # of chunks, to accomodate partial chunks */
        chunks[u] = ((curr_dims[u]+layout->u.chunk.dim[u])-1) / layout->u.chunk.dim[u];
    } /* end for */
    size[u] = layout->u.chunk.dim[u];

    /* Get the "down" sizes for each dimension */
    if(H5V_array_down(rank,chunks,down_chunks)<0)
        HGOTO_ERROR (H5E_INTERNAL, H5E_BADVALUE, FAIL, "can't compute 'down' sizes")

    /* Create a data space for a chunk & set the extent */
    for(u = 0; u < rank; u++)
  chunk_dims[u] = layout->u.chunk.dim[u];
    if(NULL == (space_chunk = H5S_create_simple(rank,chunk_dims,NULL)))
  HGOTO_ERROR(H5E_DATASPACE, H5E_CANTCREATE, FAIL, "can't create simple dataspace")

/*
 * Set up multi-dimensional counters (idx_max, and idx_cur) and
 * loop through the chunks copying each chunk from the application to the
 * chunk cache.
 */
    for(u = 0; u < layout->u.chunk.ndims; u++) {
  idx_max[u] = (size[u] - 1) / layout->u.chunk.dim[u] + 1;
  idx_cur[u] = 0;
    } /* end for */

    /* Point to local dataset storage info */
    assert(io_info->store==NULL);       /* Make certain we aren't blowing anything away */
    io_info->store=&store;

    /* Loop over all chunks */
    carry=0;
    while(carry==0) {
  for(u = 0, naccessed = 1; u < layout->u.chunk.ndims; u++) {
      /* The location and size of the chunk being accessed */
      chunk_offset[u] = idx_cur[u] * layout->u.chunk.dim[u];
      sub_size[u] = MIN((idx_cur[u] + 1) * layout->u.chunk.dim[u],
        size[u]) - chunk_offset[u];
      naccessed *= sub_size[u];
  } /* end for */

  /*
   * Figure out what chunks have to be initialized. These are the chunks where the dataspace
   * extent boundary is within the chunk
   */
  for(u = 0, found = 0; u < rank; u++) {
      end_chunk = chunk_offset[u] + layout->u.chunk.dim[u];
      if(end_chunk > size[u]) {
    found = 1;
    break;
      }
  } /* end for */

  if(found) {

            /* Calculate the index of this chunk */
            if(H5V_chunk_index(rank,chunk_offset,layout->u.chunk.dim,down_chunks,&store.chunk.index)<0)
                HGOTO_ERROR (H5E_DATASPACE, H5E_BADRANGE, FAIL, "can't get chunk index")

            store.chunk.offset=chunk_offset;
      if(NULL == (chunk = H5D_istore_lock(io_info, NULL, FALSE, &idx_hint)))
    HGOTO_ERROR(H5E_IO, H5E_WRITEERROR, FAIL, "unable to read raw data chunk")

      if(H5S_select_all(space_chunk,1) < 0)
    HGOTO_ERROR(H5E_IO, H5E_WRITEERROR, FAIL, "unable to select space")

      for(u = 0; u < rank; u++)
    count[u] = MIN((idx_cur[u] + 1) * layout->u.chunk.dim[u], size[u] - chunk_offset[u]);

#ifdef H5D_ISTORE_DEBUG
      HDfputs("cache:initialize:offset:[", stdout);
      for(u = 0; u < rank; u++)
    HDfprintf(stdout, "%s%Hd", u ? ", " : "", chunk_offset[u]);
      HDfputs("]", stdout);
      HDfputs(":count:[", stdout);
      for(u = 0; u < rank; u++)
    HDfprintf(stdout, "%s%Hd", u ? ", " : "", count[u]);
      HDfputs("]\n", stdout);
#endif

      if(H5S_select_hyperslab(space_chunk, H5S_SELECT_NOTB, start, NULL,
      count, NULL) < 0)
    HGOTO_ERROR(H5E_IO, H5E_WRITEERROR, FAIL, "unable to select hyperslab")

      /* Fill the selection in the memory buffer */
            /* Use the size of the elements in the chunk directly instead of */
            /* relying on the fill.size, which might be set to 0 if there is */
            /* no fill-value defined for the dataset -QAK */
            H5_CHECK_OVERFLOW(size[rank],hsize_t,size_t);
      if(H5S_select_fill(fill.buf, (size_t)size[rank], space_chunk, chunk) < 0)
    HGOTO_ERROR(H5E_DATASET, H5E_CANTENCODE, FAIL, "filling selection failed")

      if(H5D_istore_unlock(io_info, TRUE, idx_hint, chunk, (size_t)naccessed) < 0)
    HGOTO_ERROR(H5E_IO, H5E_WRITEERROR, FAIL, "unable to unlock raw data chunk")
  } /*found */

  /* Increment indices */
  for(i = (int)rank, carry = 1; i >= 0 && carry; --i) {
      if(++idx_cur[i] >= idx_max[i])
    idx_cur[i] = 0;
      else
    carry = 0;
  } /* end for */
    } /* end while */

done:
    if(space_chunk)
        if(H5S_close(space_chunk)<0)
            HDONE_ERROR(H5E_DATASET, H5E_CLOSEERROR, FAIL, "unable to release dataspace")

    FUNC_LEAVE_NOAPI(ret_value)
} /* end H5D_istore_initialize_by_extent() */


/*-------------------------------------------------------------------------
 * Function:  H5D_istore_delete
 *
 * Purpose:  Delete raw data storage for entire dataset (i.e. all chunks)
 *
 * Return:  Success:  Non-negative
 *    Failure:  negative
 *
 * Programmer:  Quincey Koziol
 *              Thursday, March 20, 2003
 *
 * Modifications:
 *
 *-------------------------------------------------------------------------
 */
herr_t
H5D_istore_delete(H5F_t *f, hid_t dxpl_id, const H5O_layout_t *layout)
{
    herr_t      ret_value=SUCCEED;       /* Return value */

    FUNC_ENTER_NOAPI(H5D_istore_delete, FAIL)

    /* Check if the B-tree has been created in the file */
    if(H5F_addr_defined(layout->u.chunk.addr)) {
        H5O_layout_t tmp_layout=*layout;/* Local copy of layout info */
        H5D_istore_ud1_t  udata;  /* User data for B-tree iterator call */

        /* Set up user data for B-tree deletion */
        HDmemset(&udata, 0, sizeof udata);
        udata.mesg = &tmp_layout;

        /* Allocate the shared structure */
        if(H5D_istore_shared_create(f, &tmp_layout)<0)
            HGOTO_ERROR (H5E_RESOURCE, H5E_CANTINIT, FAIL, "can't create wrapper for shared B-tree info")

        /* Delete entire B-tree */
        if(H5B_delete(f, dxpl_id, H5B_ISTORE, tmp_layout.u.chunk.addr, &udata)<0)
            HGOTO_ERROR(H5E_IO, H5E_CANTDELETE, 0, "unable to delete chunk B-tree")

        /* Free the raw B-tree node buffer */
        if(tmp_layout.u.chunk.btree_shared==NULL)
            HGOTO_ERROR (H5E_IO, H5E_CANTFREE, FAIL, "ref-counted page nil")
        if(H5RC_DEC(tmp_layout.u.chunk.btree_shared)<0)
            HGOTO_ERROR (H5E_IO, H5E_CANTFREE, FAIL, "unable to decrement ref-counted page")
    } /* end if */

done:
    FUNC_LEAVE_NOAPI(ret_value)
} /* end H5D_istore_delete() */


/*-------------------------------------------------------------------------
 * Function:  H5D_istore_update_cache
 *
 * Purpose:  Update any cached chunks index values after the dataspace
 *              size has changed
 *
 * Return:  Success:  Non-negative
 *    Failure:  negative
 *
 * Programmer:  Quincey Koziol
 *              Saturday, May 29, 2004
 *
 * Modifications:
 *
 *-------------------------------------------------------------------------
 */
herr_t
H5D_istore_update_cache(H5D_t *dset, hid_t dxpl_id)
{
    H5D_io_info_t io_info;              /* Temporary I/O info object */
    H5D_rdcc_t         *rdcc = &(dset->shared->cache.chunk);  /*raw data chunk cache */
    H5D_rdcc_ent_t     *ent, *next;  /*cache entry  */
    H5D_rdcc_ent_t     *old_ent;  /* Old cache entry  */
    H5D_dxpl_cache_t _dxpl_cache;       /* Data transfer property cache buffer */
    H5D_dxpl_cache_t *dxpl_cache=&_dxpl_cache;   /* Data transfer property cache */
    unsigned            rank;  /*current # of dimensions */
    hsize_t             curr_dims[H5O_LAYOUT_NDIMS];  /*current dataspace dimensions */
    hsize_t             chunks[H5O_LAYOUT_NDIMS];          /*current number of chunks in each dimension */
    hsize_t             down_chunks[H5O_LAYOUT_NDIMS];   /* "down" size of number of elements in each dimension */
    hsize_t             idx;    /* Chunk index */
    unsigned          old_idx;  /* Previous index number  */
    unsigned            u;  /*counters  */
    herr_t      ret_value=SUCCEED;      /* Return value */

    FUNC_ENTER_NOAPI(H5D_istore_update_cache, FAIL)

    /* Check args */
    assert(dset && H5D_CHUNKED == dset->shared->layout.type);
    assert(dset->shared->layout.u.chunk.ndims > 0 && dset->shared->layout.u.chunk.ndims <= H5O_LAYOUT_NDIMS);

    /* Go get the rank & dimensions */
    rank = dset->shared->layout.u.chunk.ndims-1;
    if(H5S_get_simple_extent_dims(dset->shared->space, curr_dims, NULL) < 0)
  HGOTO_ERROR(H5E_DATASET, H5E_CANTGET, FAIL, "can't get dataset dimensions")

    /* Round up to the next integer # of chunks, to accomodate partial chunks */
    for(u = 0; u < rank; u++)
        chunks[u] = ((curr_dims[u]+dset->shared->layout.u.chunk.dim[u])-1) / dset->shared->layout.u.chunk.dim[u];

    /* Get the "down" sizes for each dimension */
    if(H5V_array_down(rank,chunks,down_chunks)<0)
        HGOTO_ERROR (H5E_INTERNAL, H5E_BADVALUE, FAIL, "can't compute 'down' sizes")

    /* Fill the DXPL cache values for later use */
    if (H5D_get_dxpl_cache(dxpl_id,&dxpl_cache)<0)
        HGOTO_ERROR(H5E_DATASET, H5E_CANTGET, FAIL, "can't fill dxpl cache")

    /* Construct dataset I/O info */
    H5D_BUILD_IO_INFO(&io_info,dset,dxpl_cache,dxpl_id,NULL);

    /* Recompute the index for each cached chunk that is in a dataset */
    for(ent = rdcc->head; ent; ent = next) {
        next=ent->next;

        /* Calculate the index of this chunk */
        if(H5V_chunk_index(rank,ent->offset,dset->shared->layout.u.chunk.dim,down_chunks,&idx)<0)
            HGOTO_ERROR (H5E_DATASPACE, H5E_BADRANGE, FAIL, "can't get chunk index")

        /* Compute the index for the chunk entry */
        old_idx=ent->idx;   /* Save for later */
        ent->idx=H5D_HASH(dset->shared,idx);

        if(old_idx!=ent->idx) {
            /* Check if there is already a chunk at this chunk's new location */
            old_ent = rdcc->slot[ent->idx];
            if(old_ent!=NULL) {
                assert(old_ent->locked==0);

                /* Check if we are removing the entry we would walk to next */
                if(old_ent==next)
                    next=old_ent->next;

                /* Remove the old entry from the cache */
                if (H5D_istore_preempt(&io_info, old_ent, TRUE )<0)
                    HGOTO_ERROR (H5E_IO, H5E_CANTFLUSH, FAIL, "unable to flush one or more raw data chunks")
            } /* end if */

            /* Insert this chunk into correct location in hash table */
            rdcc->slot[ent->idx]=ent;

            /* Null out previous location */
            rdcc->slot[old_idx]=NULL;
        } /* end if */
    } /* end for */

done:
    FUNC_LEAVE_NOAPI(ret_value)
} /* end H5F_istore_update_cache() */


/*-------------------------------------------------------------------------
 * Function:  H5D_istore_dump_btree
 *
 * Purpose:  Prints information about the storage B-tree to the specified
 *    stream.
 *
 * Return:  Success:  Non-negative
 *
 *    Failure:  negative
 *
 * Programmer:  Robb Matzke
 *              Wednesday, April 28, 1999
 *
 * Modifications:
 *    Robb Matzke, 1999-07-28
 *    The ADDR argument is passed by value.
 *-------------------------------------------------------------------------
 */
herr_t
H5D_istore_dump_btree(H5F_t *f, hid_t dxpl_id, FILE *stream, unsigned ndims, haddr_t addr)
{
    H5O_layout_t        layout;
    H5D_istore_ud1_t  udata;
    herr_t      ret_value=SUCCEED;       /* Return value */

    FUNC_ENTER_NOAPI(H5D_istore_dump_btree, FAIL)

    HDmemset(&udata, 0, sizeof udata);
    layout.u.chunk.ndims = ndims;
    udata.mesg = &layout;
    udata.stream = stream;
    if(stream)
        HDfprintf(stream, "    Address: %a\n",addr);
    if(H5B_iterate(f, dxpl_id, H5B_ISTORE, H5D_istore_iter_dump, addr, &udata)<0)
        HGOTO_ERROR(H5E_IO, H5E_CANTINIT, 0, "unable to iterate over chunk B-tree")

done:
    FUNC_LEAVE_NOAPI(ret_value)
} /* end H5D_istore_dump_btree() */

#ifdef H5D_ISTORE_DEBUG

/*-------------------------------------------------------------------------
 * Function:  H5D_istore_stats
 *
 * Purpose:  Print raw data cache statistics to the debug stream.  If
 *    HEADERS is non-zero then print table column headers,
 *    otherwise assume that the H5AC layer has already printed them.
 *
 * Return:  Non-negative on success/Negative on failure
 *
 * Programmer:  Robb Matzke
 *              Thursday, May 21, 1998
 *
 * Modifications:
 *
 *-------------------------------------------------------------------------
 */
herr_t
H5D_istore_stats (H5D_t *dset, hbool_t headers)
{
    H5D_rdcc_t  *rdcc = &(dset->shared->cache.chunk);
    double  miss_rate;
    char  ascii[32];
    herr_t      ret_value=SUCCEED;       /* Return value */

    FUNC_ENTER_NOAPI(H5D_istore_stats, FAIL)

    if (!H5DEBUG(AC))
        HGOTO_DONE(SUCCEED)

    if (headers) {
        fprintf(H5DEBUG(AC), "H5D: raw data cache statistics\n");
        fprintf(H5DEBUG(AC), "   %-18s %8s %8s %8s %8s+%-8s\n",
            "Layer", "Hits", "Misses", "MissRate", "Inits", "Flushes");
        fprintf(H5DEBUG(AC), "   %-18s %8s %8s %8s %8s-%-8s\n",
            "-----", "----", "------", "--------", "-----", "-------");
    }

#ifdef H5AC_DEBUG
    if (H5DEBUG(AC)) headers = TRUE;
#endif

    if (headers) {
        if (rdcc->nhits>0 || rdcc->nmisses>0) {
            miss_rate = 100.0 * rdcc->nmisses /
                    (rdcc->nhits + rdcc->nmisses);
        } else {
            miss_rate = 0.0;
        }
        if (miss_rate > 100) {
            sprintf(ascii, "%7d%%", (int) (miss_rate + 0.5));
        } else {
            sprintf(ascii, "%7.2f%%", miss_rate);
        }

        fprintf(H5DEBUG(AC), "   %-18s %8u %8u %7s %8d+%-9ld\n",
            "raw data chunks", rdcc->nhits, rdcc->nmisses, ascii,
            rdcc->ninits, (long)(rdcc->nflushes)-(long)(rdcc->ninits));
    }

done:
    FUNC_LEAVE_NOAPI(ret_value)
} /* end H5D_istore_stats() */
#endif /* H5D_ISTORE_DEBUG */


/*-------------------------------------------------------------------------
 * Function:  H5D_istore_debug
 *
 * Purpose:  Debugs a B-tree node for indexed raw data storage.
 *
 * Return:  Non-negative on success/Negative on failure
 *
 * Programmer:  Robb Matzke
 *              Thursday, April 16, 1998
 *
 * Modifications:
 *    Robb Matzke, 1999-07-28
 *    The ADDR argument is passed by value.
 *-------------------------------------------------------------------------
 */
herr_t
H5D_istore_debug(H5F_t *f, hid_t dxpl_id, haddr_t addr, FILE * stream, int indent,
     int fwidth, unsigned ndims)
{
    H5O_layout_t        layout;
    H5D_istore_ud1_t  udata;
    herr_t      ret_value=SUCCEED;      /* Return value */

    FUNC_ENTER_NOAPI(H5D_istore_debug,FAIL)

    layout.u.chunk.ndims = ndims;
    HDmemset (&udata, 0, sizeof udata);
    udata.mesg = &layout;

    /* Allocate the shared structure */
    if(H5D_istore_shared_create(f, &layout)<0)
  HGOTO_ERROR (H5E_RESOURCE, H5E_CANTINIT, FAIL, "can't create wrapper for shared B-tree info")

    (void)H5B_debug (f, dxpl_id, addr, stream, indent, fwidth, H5B_ISTORE, &udata);

    /* Free the raw B-tree node buffer */
    if(layout.u.chunk.btree_shared==NULL)
        HGOTO_ERROR (H5E_IO, H5E_CANTFREE, FAIL, "ref-counted page nil")
    if(H5RC_DEC(layout.u.chunk.btree_shared)<0)
  HGOTO_ERROR (H5E_IO, H5E_CANTFREE, FAIL, "unable to decrement ref-counted page")

done:
    FUNC_LEAVE_NOAPI(ret_value)
} /* end H5D_istore_debug() */

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